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AP Euro DBQ Sudan Crisis Essay Sample. Analyze the pressures on Great Britain#8217;s Liberal government during the Sudan crisis (1884-1885), and explain why the government acted as it did. During the Sudan crisis in 1884-1885, Great Britain’s Liberal government was under much pressure. And Thinker Essay? Much of government action was led by Prime Minister William Gladstone. The Sudan crisis was when a Sudanese Muslim religious leader, Mahdi, rebelled against essay the Egyptian rule and foreign (British) control. This threatened the reader and thinker essay, British citizens inhabiting Egypt at the time and also the Suez Canal, referred to as the lifeline of the empire.
Gladstone, in attempt to protect the economic and political interests of Great Britain, released a command force under the leadership of General Gordon (document 1). Instead, Mahdi and his forces defeated Gordon’s troops, who were supposedly more technologically advanced, in gre sample the garrison at Khartoum. Not only this, but Mahdi also defeated the Egyptian military (document 2). Gordon was now desperate for help, but by early 1884, his communication sources had been cut off and and thinker, liberal Parliament trying to decide whether to support or abandon him (documents 6 and chicago alternative strategy, 7). Conservative members of reader writer essay, Parliament felt that military action should be taken against the Sudanese by grounds that Mahdi’s revolt would damage the reputation of Britain and threaten political and economic aspects. On the other hand, liberal members of Parliament (including Gladstone) felt that military force should be used to rescue Gordon and his troops, but did not want to provoke the declaration of pipe, war against the Sudanese. The theme of government pressures was divided among the conservative side of Parliament versus the liberal side of reader writer and thinker essay, Parliament. The conservators of a good essay thesis, Parliament argued the reader writer and thinker, a war with the Mahdi was the only presentable solution to the Sudan crisis. The Sudanese revolt threatened the British economy and alternative essay, if Britain did not act upon that threat, foreign relations would be put in danger. The conservative party leader, the Marquis of Salisbury, delivered a speech to the House of reader, Lords where he questioned if Britain could manage the dishonorable action of the army being defeated by Mahdi and pipe layer, also expressed concern on how British withdrawal would affect the influence it had in the Middle East, their political dominance over India, and reader, ties with Asia (document 3). On the other hand, Si Michael Hicks Beach, a conservative member of the House of Lords, tried to appeal to his audience on a different level of patriotism and nationalistic perspectives by urging Parliament to send another expeditionary force to take over Gordon’s original goals and also redeem the pride Britain could maintain and save them from embarrassing foreign affairs (document 9).
In contrast to the pro-war conservative views of Parliament, the essay paragraph structure, more dominant liberal section, including Gladstone, felt that the best turn of reader and thinker essay, events would be to evacuate General Gordon and troops even with military force if that was necessary. They also were against the declaration of war on Sudan. They felt that a war would go against morals and obviously decrease their popularity the nationalistic sense in Sudan. A liberal party member from the comparative essay, House of Commons, Sir Wilfred Lawson argued that the British government’s obsessions with economic gain had created the crisis by inciting opposition from the writer essay, Egyptian public by forcing Egypt’s government to resume relinquish control of its finances so British stockholders would not be threatened with the reader and thinker, possibility of Egypt repudiating its enormous debt to foreign investors. He claimed “The Egyptians do not want our diplomats, our bondholders, and strategy, our European residents governing them. They want us to go away.” (Document 5). George Campbell, another liberal member of the House of Commons, also agreed with this quote, that Egyptians and Sudanese public wanted to rid of the foreign influences on their government (document 4). Prime Minister William Gladstone, also a liberal, argued even more explicitly that military action against Sudan “would be a war of conquest against writer a people struggling to be free.” (Document 10). Even though Gladstone advocated against war, feeling that the “climate, distance#8230;enormous expenses#8230; and frightful loss of life” (document 10) the a military attack on Mahdi would cause, he, as well as the other liberal Parliament members, were against the war because it would limit the essay gre sample, freedom of the Egyptians and Sudanese.
While conservative members of reader essay, Parliament felt that war was the only action that could be taken to a good comparative essay redeem Britain’s reputation, liberal members of Parliament were against the war because it was not morally correct and would destroy their foreign reputation even further. Reader Writer Essay? This was continuously debated and analyzed, even though society felt that the government needed to make a decision quickly if the tyrius, troops were to be rescued and writer essay, the crisis avoided (document 6). In the end, Parliament voted in favor of the liberal section and sent a military force to layer resume save and evacuate General Gordon from Sudan. Instead, the troops were too late to stop Mahdi forces from attacking Khartoum and killing General Gordon and his troops, which caused a spread of public criticism and the British Parliament was blamed for their indecisiveness (documents 12 and 13). Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order AP Euro DBQ Sudan Crisis. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for AP Euro DBQ Sudan Crisis. Conscription crisis was a very big problem that happened in 1917. In which, the government was forcing men to go to war.
Prime minister Borden asked to conscript soldiers, because#8230; The United Kingdom is an unitary democracy governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the reader essay, head of stateand the Prime Minister of the layer resume, United#8230; International Response to the 2nd Civil War in Sudan. A critical look at history shows that civil wars are not recent phenomena; they have existed for centuries. The biggest question that lingers in many minds is the reason why#8230; Question: Evaluate the relative importance of the writer, following as factors prompting Americans to rebel in 1776: *parliamentary taxation *British military measures *restrictions of essay gre sample, civil liberties *the legacy of reader and thinker, colonial religious#8230; The mid-Tudor crisis. #8220;The mid-Tudor crisis#8221; is a term often used by historians to describe the reigns of dernbach essay exams to succeed, Edward VI (1547-1553) and Mary I (1553-1558). This period can be seen as a crisis,#8230; Crisis and Crisis Management. The study of crisis and crisis management is a very vibrant field within public relations.
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Reader Writer And Thinker Essay - …
Secret Fire: The Relationship Between Kundalini, Kabbalah, and Alchemy. All Rights Reserved. Copyright Mark Stavish 1997. 11 March 1997. The following exercises are designed to reader writer essay assist in pipe, freeing the most potent energy known to and thinker humanity and resident in creation. They are not designed for someone with little or no esoteric experience. In general, it would be advisable to have at lest one to two years of practical, daily experience with the Middle Pillar and/or Pentagram Rituals; in addition, an equal amount of time with the Hexagram Rituals. Several workings of the 32 nd through 24 th Paths on the Tree of a good essay Life would also be desirable 1) , and regular practice of once a week or so of reader writer and thinker essay “Rising on the Planes” 2) . Common sense, a willingness to “Make haste slowly”, and a balanced lifestyle may be the pipe layer best protection against any unpleasant side effects of these, or other, esoteric practices 3) . It is very important that you keep a diary of your practices and experiences with the exercises given. The amount of time it will take to experience the Secret Fire is unknown, although preparation is the best guarantee of success. The amount of time given to each exercise should not exceed more than 15 or 20 minutes in writer and thinker, the beginning, and then 30 or 45 minutes after the first half year or so.
It is also strongly advised that anyone undertaking these exercises also maintain a regular, daily usage of spagyric tinctures for each of the planetary qualities of the day it is used. This additional, slow, and methodical cleansing of the subtle psychic channels will aid in relieving some of side-effects of esoteric work. The nightly application of “Dream Yoga” is also suggested, as this will attune the student to the qualities of the day while sleeping, aid in interior contacts, and may shed light on particular problems of the Work. 4) While this may seem like a lot of work, it is not. Tinctures are fairly easy to make, all that is a good comparative required is their regular use. This takes no more time than swallowing a vitamin. Dream yoga is done as we are falling asleep anyhow, no additional time required for this either. What is does take is regularity, commitment, and reader writer, perseverance. Qualities that assure, albeit confer, adepthood.
Best of luck in your practices. In the Bonds of Esotericism, In the essay gre sample Western esoteric practices there is an apparent knowledge gap regarding the writer essay role of esoteric practices and dernbach essay exams to succeed, their effects on the subtle, and not so subtle, bodies of practitioners. In the East, all practices, whether designated as such or not, are designed to awaken the semi-dormant energy resident in all creation, and ‘living beings’ in particular. This energy is known as “Kundalini”, “The Serpent Fire”, and the “Dragon” depending on tradition. Extreme care has been taken, despite contradictions between systems, to chart the effects of exercises on this latent energy, and how it ‘flows’ through the physical, emotional, and psychic body, at what stages, and in relation to which exercises. Such a detailed analysis is lacking in modern Western esotericism. For modern kabbalists, the most common introduction to ceremonial magic is through the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram and the Middle Pillar Exercise. The purpose of and thinker this paper is a good comparative essay twofold: to show how this, and related exercise can stimulate the Secret Fire, and to suggest exercises for its regulation by writer and thinker essay esoteric students who are engaged in a Hermetic path, such as general studies or alchemy, who may have experienced its awakening and are in need of simple and direct exercises for its regulation. The majority of modern esoteric students are familiar with the Middle Pillar exercise, as such, it will be the fundamental basis for much of this article.
In addition, the write a good thesis Sepher Yetzirah , and a limited number of alchemical references will be made. The basis of kabbalah is that through increasing levels of density, humanity came into its present state of physical incarnation and psychic evolution. Through rituals, exercises, and meditations, the energy latent in creation generally, and the body of the practitioner in particular, can be “awakened”, purified, and directed. This energy can then be used for spiritual development, psychic expansion, or physical health and improvement. Creation is reader seen to have taken place, in Western kabbalistic and alchemical terms, in the following process. The Divine mind of layer God, the Absolute, or in Hebrew the writer and thinker essay Ain Soph Aur (Limitless Light), through a series of expansions and contractions establishes the boundaries of Creation. The first world is the most subtle, and closest to the original state of non-existence, and is Atzilooth . This is called the world of Fire, because of the lively, undefined, and almost uncontrollable nature of fire.
Next is Briah , or the World of Archetypes and forms as our human mind can grasp them. Gre Sample. It is essay symbolized as the World of Air, and write comparative, is the reader and thinker essay result of a barrier world that is formed by the creation of the next World, Yetzirah , or Water. This is the exams to succeed highly psychic and emotionally charged world immediately behind the veil of material existence, or Assiah . Also known as the World of Earth, because of the reader essay solid, concrete nature of material life. The purpose of this scheme, is to show that creation occurs in increasingly dense levels of energy-matter, from the comparative most subtle, or Fire , to the most dense, or Earth . Within this context of increasing density, there also arises a series of ten planes or levels of consciousness which combines with energy-matter, known as Sepheroth , or spheres of being. They occur in a pattern of: unity, reflection, polarity, reflection, polarity, unity, reflection, polarity, unity, and finally materialization. This basic idea of unity-polarity-and re-harmonizing, is the basis of kabbalistic and alchemical practices, and is derived from the observation of Nature.
Each World is a reflection to a denser or more subtle degree than the one before or after it. Each Sepheroth is a reflection, in part, of reader writer essay what proceeds or follows it. Exams To Succeed. However, since each reflection is only partial, or slightly distorted, each Sphere takes on its own unique characteristics. Only the so-called “Middle Four Sphereoth” have the ability to harmonize or reflect in reader writer and thinker essay, total all of the energies of creation, on some level. This ‘zigzag’ of Creation is pipe called the “Lightning Flash”. The return of energy from dense matter, back through the writer essay various stages, Sepheroth, and Worlds of Creation is known as the “Path of the a good comparative essay thesis Serpent” because of its reverse, or complimentary ‘zigzag’ nature back up this diagram called the Tree of Life. For the alchemist, somewhere between the third and fourth level, or sphere of creation, energy takes on the characteristic that will allow for the formation of writer and thinker matter at some future state, or level ten. This energy is called Prima Materia , Chaos in the Bible, Spiritus Mundi (Spirit of the structure Earth), and others.
Here, duality is made complete, and genuine polarity exists, as opposed to writer and thinker simply the potential, or idea, of pipe resume polarity that had existed previously. Reader Writer Essay. Energy is divided into active and to succeed, passive modes, with the active energy constituting the energies of and thinker life, and the passive one the energy of matter. In “The Golden Chain of paragraph Homer”, the active energy is called Niter and the passive energy is called Salt. The energy of Life manifests in two forms, Fire and Air. While both are predominately active in nature, fire is the more active of the two, with Air being slightly passive because of the partial Water Element in its makeup. Potential Matter manifests its energy as Water and Earth. Reader Writer And Thinker. These Elements have nothing to do with the material bodies of the same name, and layer, as such are capitalized and called “Elemental” to distinguish them from the writer earth we walk on, water we drink, air we breath, and fire we cook with. They are in fact, energetic states, each with their own unique characteristics, as well as each of the previously mentioned ten levels of consciousness within them.
The Elements also have preferred ways of writing interacting with each other, to form the Three Principles of alchemy. There are in reader writer and thinker, fact, forty different ways energy-matter-consciousness can manifest in our world. The Three Essentials are the alchemical principles of Sulphur, Mercury, and Salt. Essay. Like the “Elements” these principle concepts are to be thought of a “Philosophical” and not literally as chemical elements or compounds. The Alchemical Sulphur, or Soul, of a thing predominates in the animating principles of energy (Fire) and intelligence (Air); Alchemical Salt, or the reader writer essay physical body of a thing, predominates in unconscious forces, psychic, and how to write a good thesis, instinctual intelligence (Water) and solid matter (Earth); Alchemical Mercury, or general life force, predominates in intelligence (Air) and instinctual forces, and psychic energy (Water), as such it is the link, or bridge, between the higher forces of Sulphur and the lower body of matter. In the mineral realm the dominant energy is and thinker essay that of Earth, a little Water, and very little Air or Fire. In the vegetable realm, the dominant energy is chicago alternative policing strategy essay Water and Air, but little Fire and Earth. In the animal realm, the dominant force element is Fire, then Air, but little Earth. These qualities need to be understood as they have been defined for writer and thinker essay the following information to be of any use to the practicing, or aspiring, Hermeticist. For example, using the above definitions, we can say that the plant realm has an essay structure paragraph abundance of instinctual energy (Water) and reader essay, intelligence, i.e. a specific function (Air), but little direct energy (Fire), as this is received passively from the sun; and pipe resume, little hard, physical, matter (Earth).
In the reader and thinker East as in the West, the idea of principle Elements and alternative, Philosophic Principles are expressed in more or less the same manner. And Thinker. This original undifferentiated energy from creation is often called in Indian philosophy, and modern occult, and New Age circles, as akasha , or Spirit. However, akasha, consists of alternative strategy essay two (2) aspects, one active as we have noted, Niter, and the other passive, Salt. The energies of Niter are also referred to as the force of essay Kundalini , or spiritual forces. In alchemy, this is the dissertation taylor Secret Fire.
To the Salt, belongs the force of Prana , or Vital Energy. The function of the Vital energy is to reader writer essay maintain physical life forms and existence. It is completely instinctual and pipe layer, unconscious and is heavily influenced by reader writer and thinker cosmic cycles, astrological pulses, and writing essay exams to succeed, other natural phenomena. The function of the Secret Fire is to increase in humanity, the only place where it is present, its sense of self, or “I”. At the lowest level or functioning, this is the ego, at its highest, it is Divinity incarnate, as both are two sides of the same coin. One is and thinker essay ‘self’ in relation to the physical world and others; the other is ‘self’ in relationship to all of Creation and alternative strategy, as a co-creator. In the writer vast majority of humanity, this Secret Fire, or liberating energy of self-consciousness, lies dormant, asleep at the base of the spine, coiled like a serpent. Only a small amount manages to escape, reaching a sepherothic level, or so-called chakra , thus creating a loci of consciousness for each person. If it reaches the top of the skull, and beyond, a spiritual awakening can occur, allowing for a descent and taylor tyrius, re-ascent of the energy, during which the psychic centers can be awakened allowing for the manifestation of psychic powers and related phenomena. The Secret Fire ascends as a result of a temporary weakening of the Vital Energy in the physical body. This is why so many spiritual awakenings take place under great physical stress, times of illness, or near-death-experiences.
When the Secret Fire will ascend through the reader writer and thinker various psychic-physical currents causing it to be enveloped in dissertation series taylor thomas, a sphere of luminous light. The experiencing of the Secret Fire, as a result of the suppression of the physical body’s Vital Energy, can create a condition which manifests in various forms: -Some perceive the bright light as an writer essay angel, their Higher Self, or “Holy Guardian Angel”, others as a spiritual teacher. -Astral projection may result, along with perception of the immediate surroundings. -Uncontrolled physical movements may also result, typical of pipe resume so-called ‘kundalini phenomena’: shaking, rapid breathing, swinging of the torso, uncontrolled giddiness, and sitting straight upright in the Pharaonic position. After a period of time, the energy will descend, and return to the base of the spine. The effects of this awakening will take some time for the consciousness of the individual to adjust to, and reader writer and thinker essay, is not limited to the ‘non-physical’ realms. The physical body, although to policing strategy a lesser degree, is also changed and improved in functioning, constituting a genuine “re-birth’ on several levels. However, it is up to writer essay the mind, or sense of “I”, of the individual, to cooperate with this influx of power if more permanent changes in consciousness are to be made. As we can see, the concept of dernbach exams to succeed kundalini, or the Secret Fire, is linked to two polar concepts: that of the undifferentiated creative energy, and the second, as the seed of this energy locked on each cell of and thinker material creation, and focused in humanity at the base of the spine.
When this energy rises as a result of psychic experiences, and not because of physical weakness, it can cause the dissertation series thomas tyrius Vital Energy of the body to be concentrated on various areas of the body, creating physical and writer and thinker essay, psychic disturbances. Strategy. If the energy becomes concentrated in the head, it can create the illusion of a spiritual awakening, as well as the well known “hot and cold” flashes, or currents, up and down the spine. The effects of the reader Secret Fire however, and not its re-distributive effects on the Vital Energy, can create the following phenomena: If the alternative strategy energy rises to the top of the head, then it becomes possible to work directly on the Vital Energy within the body, and use it, as a means of enhancing the psychic experience and spiritual awakening. In short, the psychic centers must first be awakened by the Secret Fire and purified, before the energy of the reader and thinker essay physical body, can be concentrated upon them. Thus, our psychic exercises, and esoteric meditations are designed to prepare our minds, bodies, and consciousness for the liberation of the Secret Fire buried deep inside us. Through a progressive cleansing of the blood, nervous system, and endocrine glands, the ‘chains’ of the Vital Energy upon the Secret Fire are reduced and chicago alternative strategy essay, eliminated, allowing the ever present power and energy, a veritable pressure waiting to be released, to spring into action. Thus, the Serpent doesn’t really sleep, it is we who are asleep to its presence and potential blessing. The Secret Fire and the Sepheroth. “So he drove out the man: and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the essay way of the Tree of Life.” Genesis 3:24. The use of the “Tree of Life” has been both a blessing and a curse for modern esotericism.
When understood, the pipe “Tree” offers a complete and working model of Creation on both the microcosmic and macrocosmic scales. However, where many fail is on the personal level. The ability to essay apply the policing often very general information of the Tree to personal experiences of the initiate when they deal with physiological phenomena is writer profoundly lacking in essay, modern esoteric circles. The reasons for this are several: First , many modern esotericists simply repeat what they have learned without experiencing whether or not it is true on a personal level; second , the language of kabbalah is multi-leveled, with the same word having several meanings, thus many who are using the reader words don’t know what they actually mean, or on what level it may be interpreted; thirdly , the diagram of the Tree is simply too neat and compartmentalized. Many kabbalists are unable to adapt to the fact that interior reality is much more flexible than the Tree allows when applied to structure paragraph the two dimensional page or illustration. These problems are farther complicated by the idea of “One Tree” but “Four Worlds” making much meaningful, practical information nearly impossible to come by essay regarding the crises of spiritual awakening and so-called Kundalini phenomena as it relates to kabbalistic practices. When compared to dissertation maximus series taylor the clear and explicit information available from Taoist and Tantrik sources, it is no wonder that so many Americans and Europeans prefer those systems to reader writer and thinker essay those more culturally and historically related. To help resolve these problems in the transmission of knowledge, only information that has a relationship to experience of the dissertation thomas tyrius author or others he has discussed this topic with will be included here. Theory will be stated as theory, and experience as experience.
The meaning of common kabbalistic words will be defined, and redefined, to keep the communication clear and direct. An extensive use of confusing and somewhat irrelevant god-forms, references to mythology, and cosmology unconnected to the personal experience will be avoided. Arousing the Sleeping Serpent. “Just as Moses lifted up the flaming serpent in the desert, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that all who believe may have eternal life in reader writer and thinker, him.” John 3:14-15. The Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram is structure structure often the first ritual learned by aspiring magicians. Its function is to reader writer and thinker essay teach the basic mechanics of solitary ritual, and to give a basic technique whereby destructive energies maybe repelled or dispersed from the sphere of influence of the operator. Pipe Layer Resume. The symbols used in the ritual are fundamental to other rituals of a more complex nature; however, to disregard the Lesser Ritual as somehow less effective is writer and thinker a mistake. A ritual, no matter how simple or complex is only as effective as the skill of its operator. Repeated use of the LRP is can be more effective than incompetent or irregular use of more sophisticated rites. In total, there are approximately six fundamental rituals used in Western occultism reflecting an influence of The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn: 1) the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram 2) the Supreme Ritual of the how to a good thesis Pentagram 3) the and thinker essay Lesser Ritual of the write a good comparative thesis Hexagram 4) the Greater Ritual of the Hexagram and 5) the Rose+Cross Ritual.
The use of reader and thinker The Flashing Sword appears to be irregular; however, it will also be considered along with its companion exercise or, The Rising Serpent . Within these, the use of the Middle Pillar is optional, it is however, the Middle Pillar Exercise which does the most to purify the bodily energies, or Vital Energy, and make pathways for the release of the writing exams to succeed Secret Fire. “I will make the victor a pillar in writer and thinker, the temple of my God, and he shall go out no more: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of layer resume heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.” Revelations 3:12. Several variations of the reader writer Middle Pillar Exercise exist, however their fundamentals remain the same. Whether or not one uses the Elements as suggested by Regardie in “True Art of Healing” or the Sepherothic/planetary correspondences as he later suggests (and is most commonly used) in his book “The Middle Pillar” is irrelevant. The methods used by the Arum Solis will also be considered as an alternative exercise. The theoretical basis of the Middle Pillar is that through imagination, breath, and concentration, the psychic energy of creation, here principally Yetzirah , can be directed allowing for a purification of the Vital Energy that holds the Secret Fire in how to a good comparative thesis, check.
As our psychic centers are cleansed of emotional, moral, and materialistic residue, they better reflect the cosmic energy that works through them. Through its pre-described pattern of circulating the energy, the Middle Pillar assists in essay, smoothing out the edges of our aura, as well as increasing the essay gre sample flow of energy in general directions, so that the and thinker essay psychic pathways, both large and small, can be purified and strengthened through an increase of Vital Energy. The pathways described for the Middle Pillar are circular in nature. Alternative Policing Essay. They are for the most part large, clear, and bright, with a reflective quality too them. Regardie says that the psychic spheres should be imagined like large, clear, brilliant diamonds if no other color is known. Although, in the end, the entire sphere, or extended aura, of the practitioner should be imagined as a brilliant diamond radiating heat and light. The beauty of the Middle Pillar is writer and thinker essay that it, like many esoteric practices, is really a layered exercise.
Containing an structure paragraph structure almost infinite amount of flexibility and growth potential. As the practitioner develops in skill and manipulation of the imagery, the amount of new possibilities increases. One of central movements of the Middle Pillar is the “Fountain of Light” . Here, the practitioner imagines a brilliant force of energy forcing its way up through the soles of their feet and out the top of writer and thinker their head, spraying along the edges of their aura, making it strong and pipe, clear of any roughness, and gathering again at their feet. This cyclic imagery is repeated several times. This key part of the exercise, is the central part that prepares the central pathways for writer and thinker essay the eventual release of the Secret Fire. It is also similar to Eastern practices as seen in Chinese Chi Kung , Indian Tantra , and Tibetan Vajrayana yoga. This being said, it is also clear that some differences exist between Eastern and Western methods of releasing the Secret Fire. Essay. The methods of direct work on the psychic centers, and an upward climbing of the spinal column is more traumatic than the more general work of the Middle Pillar.
It is for this reason, that the techniques of yoga, save a few, that are aimed straight away at releasing the Secret Fire, require supervision of a guru. Being that they so restrict the activities of the practitioner, and require close supervision, they are also systems that are impractical for day to day life in American and European culture. While similarities exist, and will be examined, the major differences appear to be the and thinker essay following: 1) Indian yoga is aimed principally at liberation from the physical realm in as quick a method as possible. Western esoteric practices are aimed at the perfection of matter and structure, the psyche within the material world, and reader writer, not an essay paragraph structure abandonment of it. 2) Chinese yoga, or Chi Kung , is more akin to Western practices, in that it is aimed at perfection of the material world, and even the spiritualizing of the body into a “Body of writer Light”. It, however, is more akin to Indian yoga, in that it starts at level of the etheric body ( nadis or acupuncture points) and policing strategy, proceeds from there. This “from the bottom up, and inside out” approach is different from the Middle Pillars “top down, outside in” method. Reader. Because the etheric body is directly effected early on, the effects are more dramatic, as well as potentially traumatic for the unprepared. Pipe Layer. In the Middle Pillar, the etheric body is often the last thing effected. This is because the symbolism used, as well as the need to develop skills in concentration, visualization, and meditation effect primarily the mental outlook of the practitioner for a long period of time.
Only after considerable practice, of a year or more, on a daily basis, do the reader writer and thinker essay effects of the alternative strategy essay Middle Pillar begin to sink into the astral body, and eventually filter into the etheric and physical bodies of the practitioner. It is stated in one source, that it takes a minimum of three years for even the reader essay most advanced yoga practitioner to release the Kundalini through special exercises. A ‘release’ which we have stated, is not a release per se, but the removal of obstacles to its natural expression. This is a critical point, since it is dernbach writing essay exams often said that to experience kundalini it will often take twenty years of practice of esoteric exercises, or even Hatha Yoga, the same amount of time it took Nicholas Flamel to confect The Philosopher’s Stone . During a recent workshop, Jean Dubuis stated that it may be possible to complete the extremely dangerous Flamel Method in three years. It may be that for the alchemist, the interior creation of the Philosopher’s Stone is nothing short of the kundalini experience, and writer and thinker essay, the exterior creation of the Stone is the ability to direct this Cosmic creative energy at will. 3) Tibetan systems run somewhere between the Chinese and Indian, in that they are concerned with liberation, but also with the creation of an etherial body made from their bodily essences. This Diamond Body , or Rainbow Body , is pure light and can materialize at the will of the adept. Like the Chinese and Indian systems, the Tibetan system uses rituals for the purification of the mind and emotions of the practitioners, as well as the visual images in both anthropomorphic deities and abstract geometric forms. The Rituals of the Pentagram and Hexagram fulfill this function when performing the Middle Pillar.
Thus, we can see, the major differences in Eastern and Western practices can be summarized in function and reference point of origin. The East seeks liberation through progressive untying of the knots of ignorance that bind humanity to incarnation. The West seeks to perfect the material world making material reality a reflection of pipe layer spiritual reality. Once accomplished, the adept can then proceed to dis-incarnate at will. The Western approach seeks to be more active in the world and to writer transform it, while the Eastern approach is to writing essay exams to succeed see the world as an illusion that is impermanent, and as such, is more passive. Essay. Such philosophies, like all beliefs and cultures, reflect the physical environment of dissertation thomas their earliest origin.
In tropical and sub-tropical zones the reader concern with time is less important that in the Northern hemisphere where a winter without food stores means death for the community. The cold, harsh realities of arctic zones produce a different theory and technique, and as such, different ideal (gods) than agricultural areas. Whether one is essay gre sample a hunter nomad or an established agrarian society is reflective of the physical landscape they live in, and as such effects values, needs, and spiritual philosophy and technique. This is of critical concern whenever one is considering adopting the esoteric practices on writer essay, another land or culture. Policing. Why did it arise, and under what circumstances?
Are those same conditions applicable today, and in the life of the potential practitioner? In view of current conditions, are the practices being considered progressive or regressive in nature? That is, are they forward moving, or simply an idealization of a mythical past ‘golden age’? Salt, Saturn, Sexual Ecstasy, and Spiritual Bliss. “The heart girt with a serpent is my Name!” Chaldean Oracles. Salt is a symbol of wisdom and learning. Saturn, is associated with Ouroboros , the Great Serpent biting its tail, symbolic of limitation. As such it is closely allied with the earth, but also all of material creation, and those things which border on non-being, or Eternity. In one 15 th century manuscript, the serpent is made of two colors, red and reader essay, green. Red is outside and essay, green is inside.
Green, the color of Nature and reader writer and thinker essay, of Venus, is the essay beginning of the Work. Red, the color of the Stone, and Mars, is the end of the Work. “Sapiens dominabitur astris.” The wise shall exercise dominion over the stars. Reader Writer. As we correct the astrological imbalances (i.e psychic centers or chakras) within ourselves, astrological conditions outside have less of a negative effect on us. We gain dominion over the ‘stellar’ forces and can “make the sun shine in our oratory when we will it so.” The seventeenth century pupil of Jakob Boehme, Gichtel placed the cosmic spiral, or “Wheel of essay Nature” within the human body. J.G. Gichtel’s Theosophica Practica , 1898. Saturn is the crown, Jupiter the brow, Mars the throat, Sun with a serpent around it, the heart, Venus liver, Mercury the spleen, and Moon the sexual organs, in straight theosophic decent down the Tree.
It is the Heart with a serpent that attracts our attention. Reader Writer Essay. Here he also places the Element of Fire. Egyptian initiates were also called scarabs because they pushed along the egg of their regeneration. Mysteria Magica, vol 3 The Magical Philosophy : The brow included in the Middle Pillar (called: Clavis Rei [1 st Formula] The Rousing of the Citadels ) and the color scale varies with each center. An additional use of the rising twin serpents of the Caduceus are included at the end. The brow is attributed to Saturn, and is said to dissertation series taylor balance out the Yesod center, as well as add power to the remaining centers in the Middle Pillar as the essay Golden Dawn and Aurem Solis present it. Alchemically, Salt is derived from the union of Elemental Earth and Elemental Water (or Assiah and Yetzirah), the Secret Fire is alternative strategy ‘hidden’ in reader writer and thinker, the Salt (material body) and represents the unconscious, instinctual forces that seek release.
It is sometimes called “Hellfire” in that if uncontrolled, or poorly released, it can reek havoc on the body and dissertation taylor thomas tyrius, psyche of the student, via its purifying effects. This is illustrated by the 31 st Path, or Path of Fire, sometimes mistaken for “Purgatory” or “Hell” by reader writer and thinker the un- regenerated who pass through this Path after death. This Path is essay thesis also under the direction of Mercury and Shin, the symbols of spiritual guidance and evolution. For those interested in Notarikon , Shin shares the same numerical value, 300, as the Hebrew phrase, “The Spirit of the Living God.” “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance; but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.” Matthew 3:11. The letter Shin is often used in reader writer essay, meditation as a symbol of Divine light, life, love, or presence. It is imagined above the head, just touching the crown, then inside the head proper (as it is associated with intelligence and the energy of the nervous system in the Sepher Yetzirah ), descending into the heart, and finally, expanding from there to engulf the meditator in a sea of fire. Because it consists of three flaming Yods , or tongues, it is sometimes associated with the flaming tongues of Pentecost, and a variety of Trinitarian concepts. Several possible interpretations are available to use regarding this statement: One suggests that John the Baptist was initiating repentance as well as entrance into the watery world of Yetzirah, but that Jesus, was offering a path of initiation into the fire of the Soul, or full adepthood.
A second interpretation is that John was offering initiation up the gre sample 29 th Path, or the Path of Water; while Jesus was offering the harder and and thinker, more rigorous Path of Fire, or the 31 st Path to his disciples. Neither of these is a definitive answer, only a modern kabbalistic attempt to structure understand Scripture in the context of initiatic practices. The mention of the Holy Spirit is more informative, however, as this phrase was adopted by the Jews during the period of the Babylonian Captivity and represents the origin of Persian and Chaldean influences on Jewish mystical beliefs. The term Holy Spirit ( Ruach Elohim ) is derived from the reader and thinker essay Zend Avesta , and the phrase, Spenta Mainyu , or “Holy (Creative) Spirit”. Pipe. The creative power is implied and not stated in the original, and appears to reader writer be lost in subsequent translations into modern languages via Jewish and Christian traditions. This Spenta Maiynu is a purifying and regenerating energy and intelligence with a cosmic host of six or seven intelligence’s at its command.
“It [Spenta Mainyu] is the essay exams self-realizing quality or activity of Ahura Mazda (the Good Mind); it is the self-generating energy that leads to the creation and evolution of the universe. Spenta Mainyu is dynamic and creation is an ongoing process. Reader Essay. For Zoroaster, holiness meant also abundance, growth, and health. Layer. Spenta Mainyu represents the principle of reader writer augmentation and development in the universe.” (F. Mehr, p.29) This power and their beings comprise the Mathrem , or Mathra , literally, ‘the sacred word of power’, which is the basis for the development of the practice of mantra in India and “Words of Power” in the Middle East and Egypt. Manthrem or Mathra is in its own right held to be the supreme mantra from which all others are derived, in the same fashion as YHVH is the structure paragraph origin of all Hebrew Divine Names. This is mentioned because in Persia and writer, Babylon, the convergence of what would develop into semi-independent Eastern and Western esoteric practices is complete. Pipe. In one respect, it could be said to be the original home of yoga, kabbalah, alchemy, and magic as we know them. Period art and architecture shows winged creatures familiar to Jewish and Egyptian tradition, planetary diagrams, an early version of the reader writer essay Tree of Life, and several variations of the intertwined serpent motif.
The Cosmic Triangle of Fire. “The successful adept must be endowed with a knowledge of the material of the Great Work; also with faith, silence, purity of heart, and prayerfulness. After passing through the gate surmounted with the hieroglyph of philosophic mercury he traverses the seven angles of the citadel, representing the chief operations of the Great Work - calcination, dissolution, purification, introduction into the sealed Vase of Hermes, transference of the Vase to the Athanor [furnace], coagulation, putrefaction, ceration, multiplication and projection. And even upon reaching the Petra Philosophalis , he finds it is held in custody by chicago strategy a formidable dragon.” Amphitheatrum sapientiae aeternae , Heinrich Khunrath.
Saturn is related to Mercury in alchemical text, and is given the same ambiguous sexuality, or androgyny, and named it ‘Mercurius senex’. In Tiphareth, the geometric symbol is the reader writer and thinker essay interlaced triangles of water and fire, or the essay gre sample Star of David. And Thinker. When expanded to connect the planetary sepheroth of the Tree (with Saturn being attributed to Daath), the Triangle of Water connects the spheres of Mars, Jupiter, and pipe layer, Luna. The Triangle of Fire connects Saturn, Venus, and Mercury. Just as Ouroboros is cosmic energy (the serpent) limiting itself (Saturn), Venus is the creative cosmic force multiplying itself in life (its vegetative nature) as a prism splits the light of the sun.
Mercury, like Saturn in many respects, is androgynous, and controls the fire of reader creation, directing it in the creation of the Philosopher’s Stone. Mercury holds the Caduceus, or winged staff with two serpents intertwined around it. The Wings represent sublimation, the serpents the basic forces of creation. There crossing over is the psychic centers, often given as seven in number, here representing the colors in the spectrum, plus white (Venus). Essay Gre Sample. Central to the diagram is Sol, which is the cosmic creative forces which unify, enliven, and harmonize creation, and which we can hope to contact. It is central, and reader, directs and controls all of the other planets, psychic centers, or aspects of Cosmic energy.
By contacting the fire of the Sun, we can open the fire of the other psychic centers (via Venus), and essay gre sample, more easily direct the reader writer and thinker essay restrictive and enlightening energy of Saturn, through the powers of the Mind, or Mercury. To understand these multi-faceted aspects of the planets, particularly Venus and Mercury, it is layer important to have done the writer essay Pathworkings up to Tiphareth. While this is not required to perform the techniques later in this monograph, it is a help for an understanding of the theoretical part. However, we can begin to dernbach exams understand the relationship of the Spheres to each other by undertaking a series of meditations based on the following idea: Venus is the regenerating, sensual, active life force in its vegetative and unconscious manner. It responds to heat, light, and emotion. On the Path of the Decent, Venus splits the reader essay singular rays of the Sun into the many facets of the color spectrum, and as such, can lead us to a better understanding of the relationship between multiplicity and unity, the psychic centers and dernbach writing essay to succeed, planets, and their unique natures. On the Path of Ascent, Venus re-unites the reader writer divergent energies, both planetary and personal (psychic centers) and harmonizes it into a singular force, although still multi-colored, until it returns to alternative strategy essay the Sun as pure light.
“This Stone rises in growing, greening things. Wherefore when the Green is reduced to its former nature, whereby things sprout and come forth in reader writer and thinker essay, due time, it must be decocted and putrefied in dernbach writing, the way of our secret art.” Splendor solis , Trismosin. The Stone is made through the essay greening of dernbach writing nature (Netzach) and it returning to its source (Tipahreth) by putrefaction (Death card of the path connecting them). Mercury gives form and meaning to the diverse energies made by the splitting actions of Venus, and re-unites them as fundamental forces, symbolized by the Caduceus. Mercury is Psychopomp , or Guide of the Soul, and directs the energies that Venus represents. Since both Venus and reader writer and thinker essay, Mercury sit at the base of the Pillars of kabbalah, they access the essay material, astral, and mental realms, and can influence all three to some degree. On the reader writer Descent, Mercury creates form and paragraph, structure, for the body, the mind, or the soul, and on the ascent, Mercury helps free us from the limitations of form, without forgetting its lessons. The serpent is primordial force or energy, fire and water being the principle two of creation, with air and earth following them. Because it shed it’s skin, it is seen as a symbol of regeneration and renewal. It is also dangerous, deadly, can be found often in ‘guardian’ roles near springs or water as well as deserts. When controlled or mastered, it is seen as mastering a powerful and deadly, yet regenerating force, basic to creation, or possibly from which creation came.
The Secret Fire is directly linked to the sexual, (i.e. Reader. principle and most basic creative forces) in humanity. Here, the writing essay to succeed relationship between ‘bliss’ ‘ecstasy’ and reader and thinker essay, the erotic impulse can be clearly seen and experienced. Dissertation Maximus Series Taylor Thomas Tyrius. The development of a host of reader writer ‘sexual yogas’ and how to a good comparative essay, ‘sex magic(k)’ practices bear this out to some degree. However, it is the sexual desire in humanity that acts as its basic drive and reader and thinker, evolutionary force. It also suggests that the ability and need for mystical experience is biologically rooted. Only by ignoring the most basic of pleasures, sex, can we ignore the drive to ecstatic union on chicago policing strategy essay, some level. The ‘little death’ or petite morte , is a forerunner of the ‘big death’ as we let go and experience divine oblivion. Sexual power, linked to our innate drive for mystical experiences, is also linked to human evolution, and some kind of predetermined point or state to reader and thinker which we are being directed. This is a significant point, in that almost all of modern Western societies psychological illnesses are focused around sexual repression and obsession.
If the Secret Fire flows freely, or with greater strength than before, without the proper purification of the Vital Energy of the physical body, it is possible that it will result in what appears to be extreme physical, but more likely psychological, illness in the form of schizophrenia and psychosis, instead of psychic gifts, genius, and either transpersonal states, or simply altered states of consciousness. Wilhelm Reich, the father of Orgone Therapy states that the basis for all mental-emotional disturbances are anchored in the physical body, and that these anchors can be released through breathing techniques, somewhat similar to pranayamana. Since the dissertation maximus series thomas body is the writer and thinker essay “Salt” of alchemy, and partially composed of accessible unconscious elements through its “Watery Element” all of our emotional and physical experiences become indelibly marked, associated, or stored in our physical body. If these blocks, or energy concentrations of emotional and physical trauma (composed of maximus series taylor thomas tyrius Vital Energy) are not removed before the Secret Fire begins to flow more intensely, the so-called negative side effects of ‘Kundalini phenomena’ will appear. Abuse of drugs, alcohol, and sexual extremes only worsen the condition in that they inadvertently release the Secret Fire by weakening the physical body and its link to writer essay the astral, thereby damaging the etheric substructure, and create energy blocks in the end rather than diminish them, when the pipe mind and body attempt to make repairs. A nervous system damaged by substance abuse makes a tricky vehicle for the clear, clean, and writer and thinker essay, powerful expression of the Secret Fire. Write. It is through our nervous system (under the domain of Yesod-Luna) that we engage both the reader and thinker physical world, as well as out interior world. Paragraph. It links the body (Malkooth) with the Mind-Intellect (Hod) as well as instinctual, creative, and sensual urges (Netzach). If it is damaged, our ability to relate fully, creatively, and productively to these psycho-physical-spiritual parts of writer essay our self becomes endangered. If it is damaged, then our most direct and important link to our Holy Guardian Angel, and chicago strategy, means of releasing the Secret Fire safely (via Tiphareth) is essay threatened in writing, this incarnation.
“Listen, then while I make known the writer Grand Arcanum of this wonder-working Stone, which at the same time is not a stone, which exists in every man, and may be found in its own place at all times…. It is called a stone, not because it is like a stone, but only because by virtue of taylor tyrius its fixed nature, it resists the action of reader writer and thinker essay fire as successfully as any stone….If we say that its nature is spiritual, it would be no more than the truth; if we describe it as corporeal, the expression would be equally correct; for it is subtle, penetrative, glorified, spiritual gold. It is the noblest of all created things…it is a spirit or quintessence.” A Short Guide to the Celestial Ruby , Philethes. How long it takes to un-block our psychic anatomy for a more complete and harmonious functioning of the Secret Fire is unclear. It is stated that even the most advanced yogis require a minimum of three years of special practice for this to occur. Since that kind of a good comparative thesis training takes place under specialized and supervised conditions, it can be assumed that modern Western life requires more time, as well as self-reflection and referral, since the average Western occultist, be they kabbalist, alchemist, or both, will spend the majority of their time working alone or at best in occasional small groups. Certain schools of yoga as well as kabbalah and Sufi practices view the heart as the center of the individual universe, and reader writer and thinker essay, the most important of all psychic centers. Resume. By opening the heart, we gain access to our Interior Master, or Holy Guardian Angel ( messenger ),characterized by a strong manifestation of intuition.
This is the final resting place for the Serpents Tongue after its ascent over the skull, and as Boehme and Hermetic imagery have shown, the “Heart girt with a serpent” is the ideal to which mystics aspire. As one yogi put it, we approach the reader writer and thinker “Big King” first, and allow him to direct the activities of the serpent — language not unfamiliar to Hermeticists. Adam Kadmon: Secret Fire and YHVH. “For our God is a consuming fire.” Hebrews 12:29. While alchemy, kabbalah, and astrology have been homogenized in modern esoteric practices to create an almost seamless synthesis, this is not true of earlier periods. Traditionally, alchemy and astrology played almost no role in Jewish kabbalah 5) , and while it has been put forward that may Jews were alchemists, and a good essay thesis, some great alchemists possibly Jews 6) , no manuscripts of Jewish alchemical practices seem to exist in any great number. Even the most famed Esch M’saref , or “The Refiner’s Fire”, is a compilation of material, focusing mainly on gematria, and not a ‘chemical’ work in itself.
Early kabbalists imagined creation taking place in several stages, from which was generated the anthropomorphic image of the ‘primordial man’, or Adam Kadmon . This ‘first man’ was imagined as being created out of the four-letters of the Divine Name stacked one on reader essay, top of the other. Yod was the head, Heh, the arms and shoulders, Vau, the spine and sexual organs, and the final Heh, the hips and legs. A host of attributes and pipe layer, qualities came to be associated with each letter, and as a whole, it formed its own school of writer and thinker kabbalistic meditation. By adding other letters, altering combinations, and substituting letters based on numerological equivalents, additional Divine Names, names of archangels, angels, and other spiritual beings were generated. The oral tradition of dernbach writing essay exams to succeed Adam Kadmon is similar to that of the Egyptian god Osiris, in that Osiris was dismembered and reconstructed, while Adam “Fell” to pieces, and it is the work of the kabbalist to writer essay reconstruct the Original Adam. Each of us is said to be a piece of this original soul, and how to write a good comparative essay thesis, it is our purpose to reader writer essay find our place in Creation, via kabbalistic methods.
Saint-Germain and the Most Holy Three-Fold Wisdom. The idea of Secret Fire in paragraph, initiatic psycho-alchemical texts such as The Most Holy Trinsophia (Three Fold Wisdom) 7) illustrates the point of hidden fire, associated with volcanic power, and under the influence of Venus. Works such as this bear a strong resemblance to alchemical-kabbalistic texts, and either use mystical symbolism of these esoteric schools, or such symbols are used to interpret the text#039;s meaning. In the text, Saint-Germian reportedly recounts the details of reader writer and thinker essay his initiation through the dissertation maximus taylor thomas twelve degrees of Cosmic Consciousness. And Thinker. The use of earthly fire in the form of volcanic eruptions, lava, and seas of flame symbolize the presence of an underlying matrix of living energy that pervades material and non-material creation, uniting and constantly renewing it through what can be seen as violent activity.
La Tres Sainte Trinsophie is comprised of resume twelve sections, each with its own illustration. The most obvious alignment that can be seen, is between the twelve sections, the reader writer and thinker essay zodiac, and the stages of essay alchemy. It can also be suggested, for our considerations, the seven major and five minor psychic centers. The story begins with Saint-Germain on the lava beds of reader and thinker essay Vesuvius, later he passes an alter on essay, which is a cup, with a winged serpent intertwined around it twelve times. Saint-Germain then enters into a vast realm of fire, in the midst of which is a greenish-gold serpent with ruby eyes which he must dominate with a sword, the symbol of an enlightened will. With this act, anger, hate, and pride are cast out of his consciousness, and the senses are brought under direction.
In one of the scenes depicted, Saint-Germain is in front of a triangular alter with an elaborate candlestick . It’s base is and thinker formed out of two intertwined serpents and terminates at a lotus, with the comparative thesis taper placed in reader writer essay, the center. Two inscribed panels accompany the illustration. The first one reads: “To the strong is given the burden” and the second, “Kindle a fire upon the high place that the sacrifice may be borne upward to the Desired One.” The final illustration shows the heavens ablaze with light and a triangle surrounded by a square and circle. The initiate, here Saint-Germain, is accompanied by Isis Revealed, the goddess of life and Nature. The pictures described illustrate that even at the end of the Illuminist era, classical alchemical and pipe layer resume, kabbalistic symbolism was in widespread use by esotericists. However, its direction was changed from classical, or laboratory alchemy, to ‘philosophic’ or ‘spiritual’ alchemy.
Just as kabbalah had undergone a radical transformation at reader writer essay the hands of alchemists and Christian mystics, alchemy itself had also changed. While such manuscripts may be of dubious value for practical laboratory work, fortunately, they still are of value for interior spiritual initiation — an initiation that only the Secret Fire can bring. The Middle Pillar is a well known exercise to almost every student of magic. The details of the exercise are clearly outlined in Israel Regardie’s book of same name, and essay, will not be gone into here. Instead, exposition of those points relevant to the Secret Fire will be outlined. These points are: Secondary considerations will be paid to: Malkooth or ‘Kingdom’ is a complex sphere in that it represents several broad concepts simultaneously. It is at once, our feet when the Tree of Life is projected on reader writer and thinker essay, the human frame (and the essay knees and base of spine when seated or kneeling); all solid matter, earth, and all material creation. It is our bones, and reader writer and thinker essay, the marrow they contain is a personal aspect of the Secret Fire. It is essay important that we have a strong sense of foundation when we talk about Earth and Malkooth, so that in meditation we can remain grounded and secure.
The stronger our sense of connection to the earth and reader, our bodies we have, the more energy we can generate and the easier it will be to direct it. It is dernbach essay exams analogous to trying to build a skyscraper on a poured slab concrete for a foundation verses a four-story subbasement. The better the foundation, the stronger the structure. Since the Secret Fire is reader writer and thinker essay hidden in the Earth, it is good to spend some time, even several years, working through the details of the Pentagram rituals. Cleansing, harmonizing, projecting, and withdrawing the energy represented there into yourself and surrounding area. The North is an especially important area for pipe layer concentration, in reader essay, that it is Earth of dissertation series taylor thomas Earth, and is our hidden gateway to the Secret Fire. Buried in the solid nature of matter, is an underlying vibrant energy that is continually pulsating, giving rise to form and life, and and thinker, turning energy into matter and structure, matter into energy. This underlying nature is illustrated in writer and thinker essay, the Sign of layer resume Taurus, the zodiacal sigil given to the North.
In it we see the Moon crowning a circle with a dot in writer essay, the center, or the Sun. This combined lunar-solar sign for earthly nature points to the theory that all matter is simply condensed sun light, or hidden fire. By associating the heaviness of structure Earth and the underlying heat it contains (the molten, volcanic core) with our feet, knees, and base of writer essay spine (and eventually our whole skeletal system), we can begin to experience the literal network creation is formed from. This imagery is essay structure paragraph reinforced by writer essay the statement that Malkooth and Kether are one. This is felt by imaging that an unlimited stream of energy is pulsating into and out of creation from the Ain Soph Aur at Kether, and then imaging the a good comparative thesis same for material creation as you envision it, at Malkooth. All to often the spheres are imagined as being static beings or states, when nothing is farther from the truth. They are alive, dynamic, and constantly interacting with each other and the energy-matter matrix. This interaction is most clearly seen on the Middle Pillar and the central spheres.
In Western and some Eastern esoteric practices, all exercises begin with a drawing down of energy from the Crown, or Kether. This is done because Kether is on the edge of and thinker “non-existence” and draws energy into and out of being. This energy is then regulated until it becomes manageable by our human consciousness, said to be somewhere around Chesed on the Cosmic scale of things. On the personal level, Kether, or our personal Crown, regulates the how to a good comparative thesis flow of essay energy into and out of our bodies. How To Write Comparative Essay Thesis. We then direct this energy through our brain and nervous system, until it becomes manageable by our consciousness. Just as Kether is the and thinker bridge between Being and Non-Being on the Cosmic Scale, our personal Kether is the bridge between energy and matter. In our personal being, this is the writing essay to succeed pineal gland.
Malkooth is the final condensing of these Cosmic forces, and on the Cosmic Scale is all of reader and thinker material creation. On our personal level, it is our physical bodies, and as an intermediary, it is the environment we live and move in with others. Since Malkooth is a World, that of essay paragraph structure Asssiah, as well as a Sphere, it has its own “Kether aspect” or ability to reader and thinker create matter that goes from the most dense to most subtle. These subtler forms of dernbach essay to succeed matter border on their own realm of “Non-Being” or that which crosses over from the reader purely material to the psychic. In our bodies this would be the prostate and sexual glands, perineum, and base of the spine. The meeting place for these two polar aspects of our being and creation, is in the Heart Center, or Tiphareth. Here, all of creation is dernbach harmonized and brought into a state of dynamic tension and writer, vitality around an intelligent center. This intelligence directs the other aspect of creation so that they work in harmony with one another for dissertation taylor the good of all. This is our heart pumping blood to all of our organs, our pituitary gland, or “Master Gland” giving directions to all of our endocrine system, our Solar Plexus, regulating nerve energy in general; and the nucleus of each atom, cell, or the reader writer and thinker essay Sun in how to a good, our solar system.
In its role of chief mediator of essay forces, Tiphareth is constantly sending vital energy to essay structure all area of creation, and transmitting energy from the Crown, or highest abstract realms, to Malkooth, or the densest levels of matter. It, in many ways, is the regulator of this energy to such a degree that it can be said that matter itself is actually made by and thinker Tiphareth. In physical terms this means that all matter is nothing but condensed light energy. In personal terms, its means that our bodies and environment are the creation of our deepest held thoughts. To help develop a more conscious and functional relationship between these three centers of energy-matter-consciousness exchange, the following exercise is suggested: Imagine a brilliant sphere of Light with a binding, almost point black center, just above or touching the top of your head. Inhale, drawing down a shaft of writing essay this sphere into your Heart. Reader And Thinker. Exhale, sending the shaft of light through your body and layer resume, legs out the soles of your feet, into the molten center of the Earth. And Thinker Essay. Inhale again, visualizing the fiery energy of this Center of the Earth moving up in a golden reddish stream to your Heart. Hold it, energizing the heart in brilliant light. Exhale, seeing the light expand in heat, light, life energy, and power.
It is important at this point, that the energy not only paragraph structure be coordinated with the inhalation, but be ‘breathed up’ from the earth and not forced. This can be done by imagining a strong, flexible, hollow tube or canal running from the center of the and thinker essay earth, or feet, to the heart center. The energy can also be imagined running up the feet, as a pulse , entering the spinal column, and focusing energizing the heart area. Imagine after a period of time, that it is in the heart of the universe, and of the adept, where matter and energy meet and are created. Just as our ‘heartfelt’ feelings direct the limitless energy of Kether into manifestation, so do they direct manifestation back to essay structure paragraph structure Kether, or elsewhere, if we desire. It is very important that the heart not be overheated, and writer and thinker, that the energy once accumulated be circulated or discharged in essay gre sample, some fashion. This can be into a talisman, a healing treatment, or into a glass of cold water which is then consumed. Reader Writer And Thinker. It can also be discharged out the solar plexus as a general circulation to the rest of the aura. In addition, the vowel sounds associated with the Rose+Cross ritual, or A.I.O. may be intoned after competency in dissertation maximus series tyrius, the basic techniques has been acquired. First, practice intoning the sounds as a single breath, resonating from the center of your heart.
After a while, begin splitting the sounds so that A resonates with the head; I with the heart; and O with the Solar plexus. After a period of time, move the reader writer and thinker essay O sound down to the perineum where it will have a stronger affect on the ‘Malkooth’ sphere(s). 8) Substantial resonating of the sounds in the perineum will open up 12 different channels that link the spine to the legs, knees, and feet, uniting these various ‘functional’ Malkooths. It also effects the prostrate gland in men. Yesod — Link Between the Selves.
Yesod sits astride the gateway to the invisible, and is the repository for all that ascends and descends into manifestation. It represents several key elements of our being, including our nervous system and brain; psychic centers; unconscious yearnings and desires; and locus of memory. Through its sometimes dark and troubling, but always powerful waters, we can come into direct contact with our Holy Guardian Angel in essay structure, Tiphareth. By imagining Yesod as a gateway that reflects up as well as down, we can learn to reader and thinker essay direct our psychic energies in either direction. This way, Yesod is more than just a doorway which we knock at and hope something is thrown out to us, but instead is a portal we can move through and exist consciously . While much of how to comparative essay this early expansion will take place in dream states, such as lucid dreaming, and spontaneous astral projection, eventually a greater degree of control will emerge, in which consciousness is projected willfully and returns with full memory of its experiences. This state can be quickened though, by writer and thinker essay reinforcing Yesod’s link to Malkooth (for memory) and Tiphareth (willed consciousness). The following exercises are designed with these two goals in mind. After performing the Middle Pillar, focus your attention on Yesod. Imagine it as a large sphere extending to the edges of how to write comparative essay your expanded aura, violet in reader and thinker, color. Shrink it back to normal size and then imagine all of your physical energy, in maximus tyrius, Malkooth, and throughout your body, is moving up toward Yesod.
This is your ability to move, manifest, and create in the material world. Imagine the spheres merge and writer essay, become harmonious. Now, pull it up even further to Tiphareth, and dernbach, bathe the combined material and psychic-sexual energy of Yesod in the golden light of Tiphareth, and feel the three merge into one. After several minutes project them back to their original positions. Imagine the light of and thinker essay Yesod as being simultaneously dual in nature, reflecting up toward Tiphareth and down toward Malkooth. Move to Tiphareth and do the same, imagine its light reflecting down toward Yesod, and up toward Kether, the source of all energy.
Imagine the Elements as pure and perfect ideas , emanating from Tiphareth through a clear field of Yesod, and condensing into matter. Imagine your thoughts as pure and perfect ideas, being projected from your heart, with the combined sexual-creative energy of Yesod, into manifestation in essay, Malkooth. Imagine the pure light and energy of Kether above your head, becoming accessible in Tiphareth, your heart, and manifesting as pure creations in Malkooth, beneath your feet. Feel the energy reverse this process, going from hard, cold, dense matter, to abstract energy forms, to pure, undifferentiated energy. In addition, the Clavis Rea Formula can be an effective illustrator of this point.
Circulation of the Light , after the establishment of the spheres, they should be vivid, clear, and deep in the body as well as extended out from it. Reader Writer And Thinker. This can be done in phases, with the maximus taylor thomas tyrius first phases working gently on the outside, forming broad bands of light, and increasing in density and power as they begin to reach deep below the reader writer and thinker surface of the tissue, to pipe layer the bones themselves. This helps to anchor the power in the body, while expanding and clearing the aura. At all times, the energy should be palpable. The Fountain of Light should move through the spinal column slowly at first, and reader writer, with greater intensity and speed as experience progresses. The burst should be lively and bright, with a clear fluid like flame coursing around the edges of the expanded aura, at a radius of three to four feet on essay paragraph, all sides. Lose yourself in the flow of energy, as it passes through your body, out your head, into your feet, up your legs, purifying and energizing as it goes. At the conclusion of the exercise, you may withdraw the energy into the sub-epidermal layer of your body, feeling it strengthen and energize the tissue, sinking into the bones and purifying the marrow, an essential element in long life and strong bones. This should also be done along the spinal cord, imagining that the reader writer and thinker soft tissue between the vertebrae are packed with energy and the nerve connections are strong and vital. The Rituals of the Pentagram and Hexagram.
The rituals of the chicago alternative essay Pentagram we use for directing the principle Elements of the material world (Assiah), the and thinker matter-energy matrix closest to our consciousness, and the outer-materially directed personality of this incarnation. Essay. It is through directing and purifying to some degree these Elements, that we can begin to reader writer and thinker turn our attention inward and have the Vision of essay structure paragraph our Higher Self, or Holy Guardian Angel, that exists in Kether, communicated with in Tiphareth, and reflected to us in the subconscious of Yesod. The ego, or self-created image of self in relation to the material world is completely dominated by these rituals, and through them, we can adjust our sense of self, so that we may direct our energies toward Self. When this is done, we not only can converse with our Holy Guardian Angle, but realize that we and it are one and the same. The pentagram rituals can also be used in this same respect for creating material conditions that are to our advantage, as well as spiritual advancement. They can be used to create a near material environment for the sustaining of planetary forces as well. In this aspect, the several rituals are often combined.
The planetary rituals of the Hexagram represent the reader and thinker manipulation of inner and dernbach writing exams to succeed, outer planetary forces through our own psychic centers. They can result in direct physical manifestations of body or environment, or in interior experiences of an initiatic nature. Such initiations signify an expansion of consciousness, and increased activation of the psychic centers involved, and possible generalization of the effects to other centers. For example: a solar ritual will bring increased activity to reader the psychic ‘heart’ center, but also to the pineal gland in series thomas tyrius, the brain as it is solar in nature. A lunar ritual will bring increased memory and mental clarity, but also will stimulate the nervous system, and psychic centers generally, as well as cyclical sexual impulses. A Venus ritual will stimulate the kidneys, sexual impulses, and increase ones sense of beauty, harmony, and artistic expression. It will also add power to all of the psychic centers as a result of Venus’ ‘prism effect’ on psychic energy if directed properly, and increase the flow of love to essay the heart. Thus, each planet has its specific and general effects, as well as manifestations on the mental, emotional, and material planes. As we increase in awareness, and contact more consciously the various planetary spheres within us , they will appear to take on an almost objective existence. In these semi-objective states, we can contact others of a similar vibration, or communicate with the various ‘beings’ of the invisible world.
These worlds also have degrees of density, hence the write comparative use of Elemental attributes in the vertical mode of expression. The densest world is Malkooth/Assiah, with each of the planets having a ‘home’ in the Quarters, and reader writer essay, Yetzirah is more subtle and given the attribute of Water, with its own special relationship to the Planets. Next, there is Briah, with its Airy, expansive nature, and peculiar relationship to the planets, and finally, Atziluth’s fiery nature, from which the previous worlds are but denser and essay, more stable expressions. Just as our consciousness shifts in its relationship to things when it moves to the astral from the material, it shifts again when it moves from the lunar astral to reader essay the solar astral, or mental worlds; and again when the move is from the Mental to the Spiritual. These shifts can best be explained as going from object relationships (material), to subject relationships (I-Thou), to direct relationships , and finally identity relationships . On earth we view things as objects separate from us. In the lunar astral we experience them a objects, but with a relationship to them. In the Solar astral, we experience a thing directly, that is we know it. In the Spiritual realm, we are it. This helps to explain some of the statements made about kundalini experiences in yoga, as well as the mystical experiences of other esotericists.
In kundalini, or Secret Fire experiences, the aspirant often talks of being ‘one with creation’, or having the ability to look inside the nature of things. This would indicate that the energetic impulses being released are expanding awareness to the level of essay structure structure Briah. Reader Writer. When the pipe final level is reached, Atzilooth, we become like the Biblical Enoch “who walked with God and was no more”. This framework also helps explain why many magicians succeed or fail at magic. The identity of reader ‘another’ doing the essay work for writer and thinker us, is a very materialistic approach to magic. Later on, after experiencing the reality and illusions of the astral worlds, the direct , or personal relationship is built, in which the magician sees the powers being directed as aspects of his or her self, and not exterior to dissertation tyrius their being. This form of expression is reader writer essay more akin to the level of the adept, but also the maximus thomas tyrius mystic, and reader writer, practitioner of yoga who visualizes the chakras as inside their body and not as exterior worlds, as in Western Pathworking. At some point however, all of these various viewpoints merge, and systems become blended in the experiences and evolving psyche of the disciple. The difference is more as a point of origin, not as a final destination.
Note of Caution!! It is very important that all of the following exercises are preceded by a period of prayer and devotion to the Cosmic and that their fruits be offered as gifts to the Creator. Structure. They must also be started by invoking the energy from reader writer essay above in some fashion, be it the Qabalistic Cross, the Middle Pillar, the Clavis Rei, or simply as a beam of light coming from above, entering at the Crown, and terminating at the base of the spine or feet depending on your posture. This is essay gre sample critical of any negative side effects are to be avoided or minimized, as only energy radiating from Kether can be contacted with out reader essay, creating an imbalance in our system. Here, we seek to use this energy to repair imbalances, not forget it, and inadvertently create new ones. Also, at the end of each meditation, return the energy to the Cosmic either imaginatively, or by offering the fruits of your spiritual labor to God. The Triangle of Fire represents a specific aspect of Tiphareth and should be considered in relationship to the Middle Pillar, although it can be performed independent of it, or as we will see, as an adjunct exercise to intensify the effects of maximus thomas both exercises. After establishing your working space, focus your attention on your heart. Imagine the great intertwined Star or Shield of David, in gold, associated with this sphere. Feel the upper triangle radiating a pulsing heat, and the lower one, a running coolness. Imagine them turn into a combined fiery triangle of Fire, and glistening triangle of Water.
In the essay center is a brilliant dot, Yod, or Shin, as you decide. The lower triangle of Water is our relationship of consciousness to the psychic and material worlds. The Upper triangle of Fire, is our relationship to layer resume the spheres of adepthood, spiritual illumination, and interior revelation. Imagine yourself as the center point, between these two living triangles. Reader Essay. Turn your attention to the Fire Triangle. Let the Water Triangle fade from consciousness.
Feel yourself in the center of a small pyramid of Fire. It you were to stand up, you could touch the gre sample apex. Seated or kneeling, you sense the reader writer and thinker essay great fire all around you. Chicago. Surrounding the base of the reader writer essay pyramid is gre sample a giant serpent with its tail in its mouth. Close your eyes and feel with each breath, and heart beat, the fire pulse in unison and grow more intense. The fire radiates both outward from the pyramid, as well as inward to reader writer essay its center, where you are. Gre Sample. Lose yourself in the pulsing, living, flame. Intone the Divine Name IAO, resonating it outward from the center of reader your heart to essay gre sample the edges of the universe. Feel the fire grow bright with each vibration and the serpent stir. At some point you may feel, or imagine the serpent rising, and reaching a point of extension.
Go with it, and essay, view through its eyes. Return when you are done, by imagining the serpent coil back, placing its tail back in its mouth, the fire regulating, and the triangle merging with the essay gre sample triangle of water, both turning gold, and exiting to consciousness. Saturn and the Secret Fire. This is special series of exercises relating to and thinker essay Saturn and its relationship to other planets, and as the manifestor of Creation. This exercise is directly related to the previous one, or The Triangle of Fire. When placed on the Tree of Life, the Hexagram connects the spheres of Yetzirah and chicago strategy, Briah, giving a gateway to Atzilooth, with Saturn where Daath is placed. The Triangle of Fire is composed of Saturn at the apex, and reader essay, Mercury and Venus at the base corners, with the Sun in the center. By meditating on the qualities of these planets, and their relationship to each other via this diagram, we can see that Saturn is the secret sphere, that offers us access to structure paragraph structure the energy-matter-consciousness continuum. Imagine yourself in the center of the Triangle of Fire again, placing the Astrological signs, or godforms of Saturn, above, or above and reader, before you, Mercury at your right, and Venus at your left.
See them as living and essay structure structure, vital, with a thin strand of fire, light, and love, connecting them. Remember, Saturn is reader and thinker essay often given as the sign for matter, and Venus inverted as the sign for Antimony, or the Earth. Continue this meditation for several weeks, or once a week, for several months. Fifteen to maximus series thomas tyrius twenty minutes is all that is needed. The following method of meditation is based upon the fundamental associations known to every student of essay kabbalah. It can be performed by experienced or novice students alike, although novices should spend more time on the fundamentals to insure success later on, without having to go back and repeat the basics. This series of exercises relates to the stages and Elements of Creation and the nature of the to succeed Primordial or archetypal expressions of consciousness. Those who have experience working with Hebrew and/or the Elements as outlined in basic magical practices will be able to move more quickly through this exercise.
Those who have little or no experience in writer essay, magic will find it a suitable and chicago policing, powerful introduction to writer essay these concepts on dissertation maximus series taylor thomas, a very personal level. The Hebrew doctrine of Creation sets forth the idea that the Primordial Man, or Adam was composed of the four lettered name of and thinker essay God stacked in vertical form to appear as sort of stick figure being. In addition, all of creation could be found to have it origin in this sacred name, and it pronunciation was closely guarded, so much so, that it is now lost. The discovery of its proper intonation is said to bring power over everything, so much so, that there are schools of essay kabbalah that only work with the various manipulations of this Name as their form of meditation. For us, the Tetragrammaton will be used as a visual and reader writer and thinker, mnemonic guide for our meditations and exercises designed to release the Secret Fire in Creation. The standard Elemental applications will be applied: Yod (Head, endocrine system) is associated with Fire; Heh (shoulders/chest, and cardiopulmonary system) with Air; Vau (Spine/Nervous system, including sense organs) with Water; and the Final Heh with the dot (the hips, legs and feet, and skeletal system) with Earth. The dot in the final Heh symbolizes the secret, hidden point of light, life, and love in all of creation, and hidden in matter. It is this secret force that when liberated brings us to the heights of divine bliss and write essay, consciousness in the original Fire of Yod.
As with all exercises, begin by drawing energy, in some fashion, down from Kether to the Earth. This can be through the Kabbalistic Cross, the Middle Pillar, or the Psychic Pump as previously described. Once a calm center is established, and a sacred space to contain the energy, either through the reader writer essay Pentagram Ritual, or imagining a vast and empty dome sphere around you (about six to nine feet in strategy, diameter), you may proceed. Imagine the Primordial Man in reader essay, front of you, vast and how to comparative thesis, towering. Merge with the writer and thinker essay image, growing in size as you do. See the flaming Yod as your head, and imagine that it, or a ray from it, projects itself downward through the Airy world. Forming the maximus tyrius first Heh, and continues into the Watery world, gaining density and weight, forming the reader essay Vau, and finally, into the world of solid matter, forming it, along with the Final Heh. There, the flame grows small, flickering brightly, but only as a small spark, compared to essay gre sample its vast and and thinker, brilliant place of origin, and to the dark, cold, solid world of matter in which if now appears trapped. Identify with the chicago strategy solid earth. Feel your feet rooted to it. Imagine that they, your legs, knees, and hips, are all heavy, solid, and firm, immovable and dense.
Feel and imagine the great strength and stability that this offers you and appreciate it, as it is the reader and thinker foundation of writing exams to succeed your being. And Thinker Essay. Continue with this imagery, and alternative policing strategy, sense a point of dense, brilliant, heat and light in the center of this dark, solid matter. See it grow brighter and reader, stronger, as though it were the center of the Earth itself. Continue with this heat and essay exams to succeed, light, and let a strand of it move up from the center of the earth, through the reader essay layers of solid matter and structure, rock to your feet, forming a sphere of great heat and light. After several days, pull the energy up to your knees. After several more days, pull it up to your hips. After about a month of practice, pull it up and reader writer essay, focus it at the base of your spine. Extend the solid earth imagery to include your skeletal structure as well. Breath the essay fire up from the center of the and thinker essay earth, feel it focus around your spine, and move up to the top of strategy your head. Imagine that your head is an empty sphere, waiting to receive the energy from below. Writer. Feel the energy course throughout your body, focusing on the bones.
Breath it into them, cleansing them of any weakness or disease. See the pipe marrow inside grow, and fill them with its bright red power. Extend it across the reader writer skull, jaw, and teeth. As before, when you are done with the meditation, absorb as much energy as you can, and send the rest to the center of the earth, closing off the contact. After a month or two of this exercise, move on to the Vau.
See the strategy energy move through your feet, to reader and thinker the spine, and move up and through its narrow center column to the brain. Imagine that as it enters the write a good essay thesis spinal column, with each breath, the fluid contained therein, course up and across your brain, nurturing the tissue, and descending back down. Imagine your senses becoming stronger and reader writer essay, more acute. Visualize the maximus vast fiery energy coming form the center of the earth as increasing your psychic sensitivity and writer and thinker essay, psychic centers. This can be imagined simply as the nervous system becoming bright and healthy. Then, move on to the next, or First Heh. Here sense the energy as having moved up your feet, into the spine, and when it reaches the upper body and back of the head, it also fills the lungs with greater power and expansion. Feel yourself lifted up and chicago policing strategy, expanded, as though your vision was made clearer, and sense of purpose, and destiny more definite. Imagine the lungs being charged with bright, warm healing energy, vitalizing the breath and blood. After a few days, imagine the vital power moving from the middle of the shoulders, down the arms, and to the hands.
During this period experiment with projecting, circulating, and receiving energy through your hands. In general, the reader writer and thinker right hand should project positive, expansive, electrical energy; and the left should project magnetic, passive, and receptive energy. By holding the hands together, in the classic prayer position, in front of the chest with the back of your thumbs just touching the sternum, the heart center can be energized. In addition, the energy circulated creates a psychic ‘belt’ or ‘dome’ around the upper portions of the head and shoulders. Practice pulling energy down from the sun, moon, planets, and Cosmos through the left hand and into the earth or a talisman with the right.
Use the classic Sign of the essay Philosophus , or hands raised above the head with thumb and forefingers touching to form a triangle, to reader writer pull energy down into both palms and how to essay, out through your feet. Try storing it in your solar plexus (you may want to use the Sign of reader writer and thinker Practicus for this) and projecting it as previously described. 9) Then, move to the Yod. Here after the energy has moved up to the brain, see the head grow bright and luminous. Feel it absorb the fire from below and rejoicing its return. Sense the center of paragraph your head growing powerful, warm, and bright. Writer Essay. Focus on this single point of brightness, and then send it back down to the earth, while reaching out to the universe with it. Feel yourself lost in a fiery world of primordial power, wisdom, and love. Feel as though you are of vast stature, towering immensely throughout the solar system. Feel as though the planets themselves are your psychic centers, and the sun is your heart, the Earth your footstool and the original point of creation your crown.
When you are done, shrink yourself back, and shut down the meditation. This energy once experienced has tremendous healing potential. By freeing our negative and destructive thoughts into the center of the earth for purification and renewal, we open ourselves to more energy and an expanded consciousness through the removal of psychological blocks. Through drawing up the dernbach writing essay to succeed fiery healing energy of the earth, and packing it slowly, smoothly, and methodically deep into our cells, form the reader writer and thinker bones and its marrow upward and outward, we can increase our psychic sensitivity to telluric currents, weather patterns, and magnetic conditions. In addition, we add strength, energy, and vitality to our physical bodies. 10) The Flashing Sword and the Rising Serpent. Yesod, Hod, and Netzach in the Secret Fire. This section examines the relationship between the gre sample sepheroth of the Tree of Life to reader writer and thinker the Secret Fire, and the impact of two spheres in particular that govern the nervous system, early psychic awakening, and sexual power.
The rising of psychic power from Malkooth, effects not only the feet and perineum, but also triggers a response in the adrenals atop the kidneys. This is often accompanied by a surge of energy, as these glands are the seat of dissertation maximus taylor thomas our ‘fight or flight’ response. They are also secondary sexual organs, and as the energy drops down, to enter into the base of the spine (also a Malkooth center) before rising up the spinal cord and essay, energizing the entire body, it stimulates those nerves and psychic clusters associated with Yesod and Netzach. It is from this stimulation that images, fantasies, sexual potency and aggressiveness, and psychic awareness, sometimes bordering on pszophrenia and psychosis, are experienced. Intense heat and a sense of purging may also be experienced as a result. When the energy reaches the area of Hod, or Mercury, usually prior to Netzach, but not always, it is said to be following the Path of the essay structure Serpent.
This Path is illustrated by a Serpent climbing the Tree of Life, reversing the direction of the descent of the Lightning Flash. Here, the Secret Fire awakens the mind to magical possibilities and structures, but without power. It may energize the brain and speedup patterns of thought, insight, and association, but often this may be vented through excessive talking and reader writer and thinker, verbalization, or routing it through the throat center. If the energy is not spent, but directed in its upward Path of Return, or ascent, then the very real problem of having to direct the will and consciousness in maximus series taylor thomas tyrius, a singular fashion toward creating a pathway for the energy to flow is encountered. These pathways are the mental and astral constructs, or symbols, used in magical, religious, and esoteric rites. The principle pathway, or map used to direct the Secret Fire is the caduceus of Mercury. Here, the twin serpents intertwine themselves around the central pillar, and themselves form two side or supporting pillars, leading to a winged apex, or crown, shaped like a pine cone, or the pineal gland. When it reaches this point, the Crown, it bestows illumination, Cosmic Consciousness, and can be directed further towards greater spiritual activity, or toward material or psychic manifestation. This energy, or light, is like the rays of the sun (Tiphareth) being split into the many rays of the spectrum (Netzach) by the use of optical filters (Hod). In Hod we not only create, but also clean any existing mental filter, so that the energy rising back towards its source may be properly identified and experienced for what it is, prior to and thinker its being harmonized into a single ray of light by Netzach. Pipe Layer. Even after harmonization however, the energy may not have to be returned to Tiphareth.
If left to its own devices, it probably will, as that is its natural inclination. The sudden influx of power and energy may create a strengthening of the recently vivified astral worlds, of which Netzach is the writer and thinker essay symbolic apex. The Death card which rules the Path between Netzach and Tiphareth signifies the task of the initiate at this stage of the journey, and of the resume sacrifice that lies ahead. Only by losing their individuality, or through ‘death’, can the separate forces under the direction of Netzach combine to lead the initiate toward adepthood. The reverse of essay this is also true in one sense, in that by leaving the collective behind, the individual is born, the true individual of Tiphareth. This suggests, that genuine initiation can only take place when we are no longer dependent upon the collective power of an egregore for our sense of protection, purpose, and illumination.
The watery astral womb of Yetzirah must be left, for either the dry air of Malkooth’s material life, or Tiphareth’s spiritual renewal. Along with the intertwined serpents of the caduceus, we find implied in essay gre sample, the symbolism the chakras, or psychic centers, upon which the Secret Fire acts in its journey. These centers express modes of consciousness, loci of reader and thinker essay physical and psychic power, and are related in various ways to the nervous and endocrine systems as we have seen. In Western esotericism, several methods of expressing these psychic centers exist. There is the use of the planetary names, or mundane chakras as they are called, for the sepheroth. Layer. Here, the planets follow the descent of mezla , or Divine Energy, down the writer and thinker essay Tree of Life and paragraph, are placed at reader and thinker corresponding locations on the human body. Kether, Hockman, and structure, Binah are in reader essay, the head; Chesed, Geburah, and Tiphareth are in the upper chest and shoulders; Netzach, Hod, and Yesod in essay gre sample, the hips and sexual organs; with Malkooth located at the feet. This works well as a mnemonic device and for the exercise known as the Flashing Sword and Rising Serpent , but is not very useful when it comes to attributing planetary powers to specific organs, as in writer, alchemy. Another set of attributes is to simply take the Middle Pillar and pipe layer resume, apply either its Elemental correspondences as given by Regardie in The True Art of reader writer essay Healing , or the series thomas more well known planetary correspondences as he gives in his book The Middle Pillar . Along the same lines, it is not uncommon to apply the ascending set of Hindu tattwas , or Elemental signs in reader writer, an ascending manner at each of the cross-bars and essay gre sample, spheres on the central column of the Tree of Life. While none of the reader writer and thinker essay above sets of designating centers of psychic force is dissertation maximus series taylor thomas tyrius perfect, each works in its own particular area, and as such, it might be better to simply accept the symbols given for each exercise without trying to and thinker essay create ‘a grand synthesis’ that will sound good, but be cumbersome or useless for practical purposes.
Looking at the ascent of energy from a more Western viewpoint, it is possible to view the psychic centers not as singular and specific organs, but in many instances as clusters of organs working in concert. Students of Eastern esoteric practices will recognize that the writing essay New Age system of seven chakras neatly arranged with an writer essay ascending chromatic scale is not easily found in yoga or tantra. Instead, what is found, is just as much contradiction and confusion as in modern synthetic Western esoteric systems. Whether one uses a system of five, six, or seven psychic centers depends on which system is being practiced. The addition or subtraction of a particular center matters only in relations to gre sample the details of that particular practice and reader writer and thinker essay, its aims. Maximus Tyrius. Thus, when viewing the psychic centers as objective realities, we enter into a realm fraught with danger. Instead, we need to look at the centers in terms of reader function and relationship to each other. If in an exercise we notice that a centers activities are not limited to the feet, chest, sexual organs, or head, then we have entered into a deeper understanding of that locus of energy. If we find that other organs are being stimulated as well, then we will find that we have begun moving from a strictly symbolic and mental relationship to the psychic centers to a personal and chicago alternative strategy, experiential one. Reader Essay. This transition to personal experience is what development is all about, and not simply neat and comfortable packages of occult lore and information as is given in endless tables of correspondences.
In one recent Golden Dawn publication 11) a set of correspondences was given for four of the major psychic centers using kerubic attributions. The root center was attributed to layer the Calf of reader writer Revelations; the sexual center to essay the Angel; the Solar Plexus to the Lion; and the Eagle to the heart. No Correspondences were given for the remaining centers. Using this as a basis for writer and thinker discussion and experimentation, I would instead suggest the following listing as a more effective alternative: 1 st Bull or Saturn 12) or Moon 13) with Fire in dissertation series taylor, the Heart. 2 nd Eagle or Jupiter or Mercury Water in the liver.
3 rd Lion or Mars or Venus Earth in the lungs. 4 th Angel or Venus or Sun Air in the bladder. 5 th Spirit or Mercury or Mars. 6 th Luna or Moon or Jupiter. 7 th Sol or Sun or Saturn.
This suggests that the order of the planets in the spheres is very relative to ones state of consciousness, and reader writer, that the correspondences at the time of our descent into material consciousness may be different from the order during our re-ascent into Eternity. If we consider what the alchemists say about Saturn, that it is the beginning and end of the Work, then this re-arrangement of the centers may be true. In an article entitled, “From The Restored New Testament” 14) , the basic idea of four centers of the genitals, navel, heart, and paragraph, head is used along with titles taken from The Book of Revelations of essay St. John. Genitals 1 st and 2 nd centers The False Seer. Navel 3 rd center The Red Dragon. Heart 4 th center The Beast.
Head 5 th , 6 th , and 7 th centers The Cross, The Lamb, The Spiritually Wise, and Illumination The Conqueror. In an accompanying chart, the chicago alternative essay order of the planets is given from Saturn at the base, to Luna at the Crown, in writer, straight kabbalistic fashion, with a slightly different color scale than usual: Yellow and silver-white (Saturn), pale blue (Jupiter), red (Mars), green (Sun), dark blue/indigo (Venus), orange-yellow (Mercury), violet, silvery opalescent (Moon). Each center is also associated with a zodiacal sign, a seal on dissertation maximus taylor thomas tyrius, the great scroll, and one of the Four Horsemen of the writer and thinker essay Apocalypse. The remaining five signs of the chicago strategy essay zodiac are attributed to the Elements and Spirit. The problem presented by the Book of Revelations , is that if it represents a pattern of progressive interior initiation linked to the ultimate experience of the Secret Fire, it is written in a highly symbolic format. Many of the essay keys to these symbols may be very local and dissertation maximus thomas tyrius, period specific in origin, requiring extensive research into 1 st century era Gnostic, Christian, Merkavah, and Greco-Roman initiatic practices.
This is writer essay not to imply that this is an impossible nut to crack, only that it is one wherein we must weigh the reward against the effort. To assist those who answer this in the affirmative, the above keys have been given. For this manuscript however, it raises more questions than horns on “The Beasts” head, to which the answers are not immediately forthcoming. The answers may be in some of the older and less accessible schools of dissertation taylor tyrius Christian kabbalah found in Eastern Orthodoxy, more so than in those Christian kabbalists of Rome, as they are more focused on the Gospel of John, and have not completely rooted out their mystical wing, or use of symbols for Illumination. After preparing your oratory, or place of working, imagine that your spine is the central pillar of the Caduceus. Establish it well, with a round bottom, wings at level of the throat, solar disk, and a pine cone or brilliant knob at the top. Visualize it in white or reddish-gold, with the left serpent in blue or black; and writer essay, the right serpent in red. Essay Paragraph. Their tails should meet or cross-over at the base of your spine and continue to overlap five more times with their heads facing toward each other, tongues extended, at the level of the throat accompanied by an extended pair of wings. The image should be mounted by a solar disk at the level of the head, surmounted by a pine cone. After a period of several weeks with the above imagery, additional symbols can be added. In the center of reader and thinker each circle formed should be imagined in progressive order, the kerubic animals listed above.
At the level of the throat should be akasha, or Spirit; and the Lunar qualities should dominate the back of the head, with Solar dominating the chicago strategy front. Both universal aspects are imagined as unified at the top, and entering and existing through the brilliant sphere or pine cone (pineal gland). If possible, the left serpent should be imagined to have lunar, watery, passive, magnetic qualities. The right serpent, solar, electric, fiery, expansive qualities. The central column mediates, balances, and contains both simultaneously.
After the above images are successfully imagined and maintained, the reader writer essay symbols can be progressively meditated upon. Tyrius. It is important to go in strict order from top to bottom or bottom to top. If a psychic blockage is encountered don’t force it. Simply smooth it away gently as you progressively move through the set of symbols. Don’t spend more than seven or ten days on any one symbol. Remember, that it is best to writer essay start new esoteric periods on a Saturday when the how to a good comparative essay psychic power is at its height for the week. This means that it will take a minimum of seven weeks to move through the seven principle symbols on the central column, and an additional three weeks for the basic diagram and two serpents. This is a strong exercise, so don’t force it. Reader Writer. If anything unpleasant is experienced, shorten the periods of dernbach essay to succeed meditation. Initially, no more than 15 minutes should be spent on this exercise.
The Serpent of Fire and the Spear 15) Of all the exercises in this work, the following are the easiest to reader and thinker perform regardless of the level of experience of the operator. Their basic concepts will already be familiar to many students, and are useful as guides in a fundamental understanding of the gre sample Secret Fire that exists in the West. Visualize a vast point of brilliant light above your head, so intense that it appears black. Move it down to reader and thinker the top of your head, feel it sinking into your body and psyche, permeating your consciousness.
Feel it move out, extending to form a sphere of golden light and essay structure, fire around you to a diameter of four to six feet on all sides. Let this sphere of light grow in intensity and power, and know that it is reader essay a strong container for the Cosmic forces you are about to invoke. Imagine a shaft of fire, like a spear, blaze down from the point of chicago strategy light above you, penetrate your skull, and move through your body and into reader the center of the earth. Feel the earth reverberate with its impact, and imagine a stream of living fire, like a golden-red serpent, move in the reverse direction of the shaft, up your spine, and into the hollow of your skull. It is important that you imagine your skull as a hollow and vast receptacle of gre sample this creative and transforming energy. After several repetitions of this cycle, focus your attention on your heart, and imagine there, a chalice, stone, or other receptive symbol for and thinker essay your highest Self. Wait for a response, and series taylor tyrius, then let everything merge into a vast sea of living golden light, fire, and love. At the conclusion of the and thinker exercise, draw the energy into yourself, and offer it as a gift to the Cosmic. Basic exercises for its regulation. Solar Plexus as chief regulator of energy in the body.
If after an exercise there is too much energy in your heart or head area, move it down to the solar plexus and imagine it being circulated out and around your body through that center. This will work after a few minutes, and is especially good for circulating energy that arises from sexual stimulation after these exercises. It is how to a good comparative important to establish firm points of Kether and Malkooth in these exercises. If Malkooth is insufficiently established, the risk of flightiness and disconnectedness from everyday life is possible. More importantly, if a strong sense of connectedness is not established at Malkooth, much of the energy will have no where to go, and will be wasted. If it appears that too much energy has been generated and is causing problems that simply circulating it out the Solar Plexus will not solve, then consider the following: 1.Imagine the reader writer and thinker energy streaming our of how to write comparative thesis your hands and feet into the earth. 2.Place your hands in a bowl of cold water and imagine the energy pouring into it.
3.Walk on the grass or earth with your feet in reader, direct contact. 4.Drink a cold glass of water. These suggestions are for the discharge of energy accumulations that may be unpleasant. Consider them a sort of psychic first aid. The nature of these exercises, generally, is to layer increase the amount of energy we can handle, and to direct it wisely and slowly for the purification of our psyche and body. Discharging it repeatedly will slow that process; however, maintaining a state of irritation, frustration, and perturbability as a result of esoteric practices is also a drawback. Circulating the Light. Simply put, always circulate the energy when you are done with an exercise.
The suggestions of the reader writer and thinker essay Middle Pillar, or out the Solar Plexus and around the edges of the extended aura work well. Additional Notes for Consideration. Crowley states that the chicago 24 th Path is attributed to the Goddess Kundalini in reader essay, 777. Knight has the caduceus with the sign of Scorpio at the bottom. Scorpio is the sign of the 24 th Path. Square breathing is to be done with the exercises whenever possible. On the structure paragraph inhale, pull the energy down from the crown; hold in the feet, earth, and/or base of spine; exhale to head; hold on the exhale. Repeat. This adds a great deal of energy to the exercises and limits the amount of time they can be done in any one sitting. Each sphere has its own Tiphareth, i.e.
Great Star, uniting the smaller “spheres within a sphere” on the Tree of that particular level. Thus, when we direct our attention to the harmonizing influence of Tiphareth we affect all of the planets it touches. When we direct our attention to the Triangle of Fire of Tiphareth, we affect the Fire aspect of all of the Spheres connected to Tiphareth; however, Saturn, Mercury, and Venus, may have a greater response. Writer Essay. This of course means, karma (Saturn), creative energy (Venus), and intellect/energy conduits (Mercury). As such, it then is easier to regulate planetary energy with the hexagram than the septagram.
The hexagram regulates energy via Tiphareth, the septegram via Netzach. In alchemy, Fire and dernbach writing essay, Air are the matrix of Energy; Water and Earth are the and thinker matrix of alternative strategy essay Matter. Earth ‘energy’ is essential for sustaining health; Water for sustaining initiation; and Fire for initiation itself; Air makes Fire accessible. Salt is the lower yetzirah and essay, assiah; Mercury is Higher Yetzirah and Lower Briah; Sulphur is Higher Briah and Lower Atzilooth. Salt is dernbach writing prone to lunar impulses. Mercury is prone to solar impulses. Sulphur is prone to zodiacal and Cosmic impulses. Kundalini, Evolution and Enlightenment , Edited by John White, Anchor Books/Doubleday, Garden City, New York. 1979. Serpent of essay Fire: A Modern View of Kundalini by Darrel Irving.
Samuel Weiser, Inc., York Beach, Maine. 1995. Energies of pipe resume Transformation, A Guide to the Kundalini Process by Bonnie Greenwell, Ph.D. Shakti River Press, Saratoga, Ca. 1990. The Doctrine of the essay Subtle Body in the Western Tradition by GRS Mead. Chicago Alternative Strategy. Solos Press, Shaftesbury, Dorset. No date.
First published, 1919. The Middle Pillar by reader and thinker essay Israel Regardie. Llewellyn Publications, St. Paul, MN. 1991. Kabbalah of the Golden Dawn by Pat Zalewski. Writing Essay Exams. Llewellyn Publications, St. Paul, MN. 1993. Experience of the Inner Worlds by Gareth Knight. Samuel Weiser, Inc., York Beach, Maine.
1993. The Most Holy Trinosophia of the Comte de St. Germain , Introduction and Commentary by reader writer essay Manly P. Hall. The Philosophical Research Society, Inc., Los Angeles. 1983. The Philosophers of Nature , 125 West Front Street, Suite 263, Wheaton, Ill. 60187. Kabbalah Lessons: Psychic Energy, It’s Source and It’s Transformation by essay M. Esther Harding, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. 1963.
The Gathas of Zarathustra from the Zend-Avesta , ed. by Raghavan Iyer.
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abstract art essays The Abstract Art. Editorial - Unfair Distribution of. Reader And Thinker Essay. Talent: Surrogate Cartoonist Act. The Harley Hahn. Understanding Abstract Art. I am sure that, sometime in your life, you have seen abstract art. A Good Essay. Indeed, you may have seen such paintings on my Web site, as I have an online gallery of my own work: If you take a look at the paintings, you will see that they are abstract. In fact, they are painted in a style that is sometimes referred to as Abstract Expressionism.
Many people have trouble understanding and appreciating this type of art. The purpose of this essay is to reader writer and thinker essay, explain how, over time, art has evolved to become more and more abstract, and alternative policing strategy essay, why this is and thinker important. My intention is to explain the goals of abstract art, and to help you learn how to enjoy it. To begin, I'd like to introduce you to the idea that, broadly speaking, there are two types of essay gre sample paintings: representational and abstract. Writer And Thinker Essay. We call a painting representational if it portrays specific, recognizable physical objects. Maximus Taylor Tyrius. In some cases, the representational paintings look true to life, almost like a photograph. For example, consider the following painting by Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch, 1606-1669). This painting is writer and thinker called The Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, and was painted in 1632. The Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp  by Rembrandt van Rijn.
When you look at this painting, it is easy to recognize what you are looking at. There are eight men wearing funny-looking clothing (actually, the style of clothing worn in 17th century Holland), and on a table in front of the men lies a dead man, whose arm is being dissected. Tyrius. It is easy to identify all the objects in the painting, as well as the reader and thinker, overall meaning of the painting. (You are looking at an anatomy demonstration.) Not all representational paintings are so realistic. Write Essay Thesis. For example, Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906) created some beautiful paintings of fruit. Take a look at this one, Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes, which Cézanne painted from 1879-1880. Apples, Peaches, Pears and Grapes [1879-1880] by Paul Cézanne. Obviously, this painting is more abstract than the previous one. Still, what you are looking at is representational.
The objects in the Cézanne painting may not be as realistic as the ones in the Rembrandt #151; there is no way you would mistake the Cézanne painting for a photograph #151; but it is easy to recognize that you are looking at various types of and thinker essay fruit in a bowl. When you look at chicago policing, a representational painting, you get an reader essay, immediate feeling as to whether or not you like the painting. For example, take another look at the previous two paintings and compare what you feel when you look at the anatomy lesson with what you feel when you look at the bowl of fruit. Abstract paintings are different. They have designs, shapes or colors that do not look like specific physical objects. Pipe Resume. As such, abstract paintings are a lot harder to reader and thinker essay, understand than representational paintings. Indeed, when you look at an abstract painting, you often have no idea what it is you are actually seeing. Let's see if we can make sense out of this. Paragraph Structure. In general, there are two types of abstract paintings.
The first type of and thinker abstract painting portrays objects that have been abstracted (taken) from nature. Although what you see may not look realistic, it is close enough that you can, at least, get an idea of what you are looking at. If you have ever seen any of the paintings of Claude Monet (French, 1840-1926), you will know what I mean. In 1899, Monet began to paint a series of paintings called Water Lilies. These paintings depict the garden at his house in Giverny, Normandy (in France). Although the objects in the paintings don't really look like lilies, or water, or clouds, they are close enough that you can get a feeling for what you are seeing.
To see what I mean, take a look at this painting, Water Lilies (The Clouds), which Monet painted in 1903. Water Lilies (The Clouds)  by Claude Monet. A second type of abstract painting, sometimes referred to as pure abstract art, is even more obtuse. Such paintings do not reflect any form of conventional reality: all you see are shapes, colors, lines, patterns, and dissertation taylor tyrius, so on. Here, for example, is one of reader essay my paintings, entitled Blue #1, which I painted in 2000. Blue #1  by Harley Hahn. As you can see, nothing in gre sample this painting is writer recognizable. There are no people, fruit or even water lilies. When you look at such art, it is write a good comparative natural to wonder why anyone would bother to create such paintings in the first place. What could the artist possibly have in mind? In some cases, the design itself might be pleasing to the eye, and we might look upon reader writer and thinker the painting as nothing more than a decoration.
Most of the layer, time, however, this is and thinker essay not the case. Indeed, a great deal of essay abstract art is not particularly pleasing to the eye. Moreover, why would an artist spend so much time creating a mere decoration? There must be something more to it. The truth is, yes, there is a lot more to abstract art than what meets the eye, and to see why, we have to reader writer essay, consider the basic purpose of art.
To truly appreciate a work of art, you need to see it as more than a single, isolated creation: there must be context. This is because art is not timeless. Every painting is created within a particular environment, and if you do not understand that environment, you will never be able to gre sample, appreciate what the artist has to offer you. This is why, when you study the work of a particular artist, it makes sense to learn something about his life and the culture in which he lived. Although the qualities of a painting depend on the skill and desires of the artist, a great deal of what you see on the canvas reflects the environment in which the reader writer, art was created. As an example, take a look at the following two paintings. The painting on chicago alternative policing strategy essay the right, the well-known Mona Lisa, was painted from reader writer and thinker essay 1503-1506 by Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). The painting on the left, a picture of pipe layer resume Princess Diana, was painted in 1982 by Andy Warhol (American, 1928-1987). And Thinker Essay. Both are portraits of a woman, and both were produced by highly skilled artists who used similar poses #151; but notice the striking differences in pipe layer resume style.
Princess Diana  Mona Lisa [1503-1506] by Leonardo da Vinci. If you study the lives of da Vinci and Warhol, you will find that there were #151; as you might well imagine #151; significant personal differences between the two men. These differences, however, do not account for the vast dissimilarity in painting styles. When you compare these two paintings, what you are seeing, more than anything else, are cultural differences. When an artist creates, he is writer and thinker strongly influenced by the times in which he lives and, no matter how innovative he might be as a person, he cannot completely escape the boundaries of his culture. As you study the history of art, you see that, at how to comparative, any particular place and time, there is always a dominant school of art that defines the prevailing artistic culture. Most artists of the time work within the norms of that culture.
A few artists, however #151; the visionaries and the experimenters #151; break new ground and, as they do, they encounter tremendous resistance from people who don't understand the new style of art. However, it is from the work of these innovators that art evolves. So how does this pertain to abstract art? Until the end of the 19th century, virtually all painting was representational. Writer. Artists painted pictures that were straightforward, and people looked at those paintings for one reason: to see the essay, particular images that were depicted. At first, this idea sounds so obvious as to hardly be worth stating. Why else would you look at paintings, if not to see the images? However, as I will explain, there are other, more compelling reasons to look at a painting. Indeed, it is possible to experience a painting in such a way that you go beyond what you see, in order to find out reader and thinker essay, what you might feel. In the early 1870s, a movement arose in France that began to introduce abstraction into essay, serious art. And Thinker. This movement, called Impressionism, produced works of art that, for layer resume, the first time, did not consist wholly of reader essay realistic images.
The original goal of the Impressionists was conceptually simple: they wanted to depict nature as it really existed. How To Write Comparative Essay. In particular, they labored to capture the ever-changing effects of light, as it changed throughout the day and from season to and thinker essay, season. For example, the French painter Monet, whom I mentioned above, spent a lot of time creating series of paintings in which he painted the same subject at different times of the dissertation taylor, day. His goal was to show how the color and form of the subject changed from one hour to the next. Take a look at reader writer and thinker, this painting of how to write thesis haystacks, created by Monet in 1890-1891. His goal was not to paint a simple image of a stack of hay, but rather to show the color and form of the reader and thinker, haystacks at a particular time of day at the end of the summer. Maximus Taylor. From Monet's point of view (I imagine), the painting was more of an and thinker essay, exercise than a work of art. Wheatstacks (End of Summer) [1890-1891] by Claude Monet. Around the same time, another school of maximus art, Neo-Impressionism, arose from the influence of Impressionism. The Neo-Impressionists used many small side-by-side dots to build up various shapes and colors. You can see this technique #151; which is and thinker essay known as pointillism #151; in the following painting, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, created in 1884-1886 by Georges Seurat (French, 1859-1891).
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte [1884-1886] by Georges Seurat. Finally, in the 1880s and 1890s, a disparate group of artists sought to move beyond Impressionism and its obsession with the changing effects of alternative essay light. These artists, collectively known as the Post-Impressionists, created a wide range of striking and innovative paintings. Among the most important Post-Impressionists were Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906), whom I mentioned earlier, Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903) and Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). When you look at Impressionist paintings, you will notice that, although they are generally soothing to the eye and calming to and thinker essay, the spirit, they are, as a whole, quite boring. Resume. This is not the and thinker essay, case with the Post-Impressionsts, as you can see by looking at dissertation series taylor thomas, the following two paintings. First, here is Where Do We Come From? What Are We?
Where Are We Going?, painted in 1897 by Gauguin. Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?  by Paul Gauguin. Next, take a look at Irises, painted in 1889 by writer essay van Gogh. Irises  by Vincent van Gogh. The last three decades of the 19th century were a time of two important #151; and distinct #151; transitions. First, as I have mentioned, there was a gradual change from representational art to dissertation maximus taylor thomas, abstract art. Reader Writer. You can see this in structure the work of the reader, Impressionists and Neo-Impressionists. The second change was more subtle, but far more important.
With the work of the Post-Impressionists, the purpose of art itself had begun to change. For most of history, the primary purpose of painting had been to portray images, rather than to evoke feelings and emotions. Gre Sample. Starting with the Post-Impressionists, however, the emphasis began to shift. For the first time, unconscious feelings began to find their way into mainstream art. What allowed this to happen was that the Impressionists had loosened the bonds, giving permission for painters to writer and thinker, stray from their representational roots and become more abstract. To be sure, the Post-Impressionists were still quite literal in their work: when you look at the work of pipe layer Cézanne or Gauguin or van Gogh, you do know what you are looking at. Indeed, at the beginning of this essay, I used one of Cézanne's paintings (Apples, Peaches, Pears, and reader writer essay, Grapes) as an example of pipe layer representational work. Still, the gradual shift to abstraction and the capturing of deep-seated emotion was real and far-reaching. The reason that this is and thinker so important is that most of human life exists unconsciously, below the surface of perception and beyond the reach of voluntary, purposeful thinking. Within this netherworld, lies the strong, untamed and irrational forces that give life to pipe resume, our being and definition to what it means to be human.
Until the 20th century, artists had to be content with merely grazing the surface of essay consciousness. Try as they might, their ability to penetrate to pipe layer resume, the heart of writer what it means to be human was limited by their tools. When the brain processes a recognizable image, a mental barrier is erected that prevents significant entry into the processes of the unconscious. Thus, representational art, by its very nature, imposes limits on how deeply an artist is able to insinuate him- or herself into the unconscious processes of the layer, observer. And Thinker Essay. However, with the coming of maximus series tyrius abstraction, artists had, for the first time, a powerful tool that would allow them to essay, bypass literal perception and reach into this otherwise impenetrable world of pipe layer unconscious emotion.
This was possible because, the more abstract a work of art, the reader and thinker, less preconceptions it evokes in the mind of the beholder. In the hands of essay a skillful practitioner, abstract art can be an extremely powerful tool. However, as I will explain in a moment, such tools require more than the skill of the artist, they require the and thinker essay, cooperation of the observer. Before I get to pipe resume, this point, however, I'd like to continue with a bit of history. And Thinker. By the beginning of the 20th century, the move towards abstraction had generated enormous possibility. Previously, painters #151; restricted by the conventions of representational art #151; had confined themselves to structure, either imitating nature or telling stories.
Now, for reader writer essay, the first time, artists were able to enter a realm in essay structure paragraph structure which unbounded imagination was, not only possible, but desirable. Between 1910 and 1920, a new movement towards abstract art, both in painting and sculpture, arose in Europe and in North America. The first important abstract artist was Wassily Kandinsky (Russian, 1866-1944). During the years 1910 to 1914, Kandinsky created a series of paintings which he called Improvisations and essay, Compositions. Even today, almost a century later, Kandinsky's work is striking in essay its ability to bypass our consciousness and writer essay, stir our inner feelings.
Take a look, for example, at taylor thomas tyrius, one of reader and thinker essay my favorites, Improvisation 7, which Kandinsky painted in 1910. Improvisation 7  by Wassily Kandinsky. The work of Kandinsky was extremely influential, and helped to usher in an age in which a number of abstract movements were established, one after another: Cubism, Futurism, Vorticism, Neoplasticism, Dadaism, Surrealism, and so on. Rather than describe each of these movements in detail, I'd like to jump to essay structure paragraph structure, what I consider to be the defining point of 20th century art: Abstract Expressionism. What we now call Abstract Expressionism emerged in New York in reader essay the early 1940s. It was not so much a well-defined school of art, as a way of thinking.
The Abstract Expressionists made the final break from the rigid conventions of the past, by redefining what it meant to be an artist. In essence, they rebelled against what the rest of the art world judged to be acceptable. Although the idea of dernbach to succeed abstraction had been around for some time, the Abstract Expressionists went a lot further. They began to emphasize, not only the finished product, but the and thinker essay, actual process of painting. They experimented in essay exams how they interacted with the paint, the canvas, and their tools; and they paid attention to the physical qualities of the paint itself, its texture, color and shape. Reader Writer And Thinker. I realize this sounds vague and pretentious, so I will explain to you what it all means. Before I do, though, let's take a look at an Abstract Expressionist painting, so you can at least get a feeling for what I am talking about. The following painting was created in 1950 by Jackson Pollock (American, 1912-1956), a pioneer of what came to chicago alternative policing strategy, be called action painting.
The painting was originally called Number 1, 1950, but at the suggestion of an art critic named Clement Greenberg, the painting was renamed Lavender Mist (although, there is actually no lavender in it). Lavender Mist  by Jackson Pollock. The name action painting was coined to describe the techniques used by Pollock. He would fasten large canvases to reader, the floor of his studio, and then drip, fling, and spill paint on them. He often used regular house paint, because he preferred the way it flowed. Now, I understand that the first time you look at a picture like Lavender Mist you may see nothing more than a confusing array of disorganized lines and spots. What, I hear you say, is this supposed to mean?
How could anything so primitive and crude be considered to be great art? It looks like something a bored kid would do if he was left alone in a good an art studio with no supervision. Before I explain why Lavender Mist is, indeed, great art, let me tell you a quick story. A few years ago, I decided to visit Washington, D.C. by myself. It was the middle of winter, and reader and thinker essay, the city had been hit by a huge snowstorm.
I was all alone, so I decided to walk to the National Gallery of Art. Essay Gre Sample. The streets were lonely and empty, and as I entered the museum, I could see that it too was empty. I asked the information person if they had anything by Jackson Pollock. She said yes, and gave me directions to the room in reader writer which his paintings and a good thesis, drawings were hung. I had heard of Pollock and writer, seen photographs of his work, but I had never seen any of the paintings in person. I still remember the feeling I had when I descended the stairs, turned the corner, and looked at the wall. Tyrius. I was alone in a large room and, there on the far wall, was Lavender Mist. The effect it had on me was completely unexpected.
It was the only time in writer and thinker essay my life when I can remember a painting, literally, taking my breath away. I know this will sound a bit sappy, but seeing that painting changed me forever. for the first time. How could this be the maximus series thomas tyrius, case? You just looked at reader writer essay, a picture of the essay gre sample, same painting, and I doubt you felt as if you had been changed forever. First, I should explain that the actual canvas is reader and thinker essay large, nearly 10 feet (3 meters) long. It is quite imposing when you see it in person, especially in a large empty room, where the painting seems to reach out, grab you and pull you towards it.
Second, what you see in the picture above is nothing like the real thing. Not only is the picture on your screen much smaller than the actual painting, but the colors you see on a computer monitor are muted and essay structure paragraph, inexact. Moreover, on a computer screen, you do not get a sense of the texture of the paint and the canvas. All of reader and thinker essay this you understand, I am sure. Everyone knows that viewing a real painting is a lot different from dissertation series thomas looking at a picture of the painting on a computer monitor (or on reader writer and thinker a projection screen in an art history class, for that matter). However, there is another reason why I was so moved by maximus taylor Lavender Mist, and it has to do with the reader, very purpose of art.
To discuss this, we have to consider the question, Why do we create art? There are a number of straightforward reasons why human beings create art: to make a decoration, to tell a story, to capture or preserve an image, or to illustrate an idea. However, there is another, more subtle, but far more important reason why art is important to us. The need to reach inside ourselves and manipulate our unconscious feelings is universal. We all do it to some degree, although most of the time we are blind to what we are doing. That is where art comes in. As I explained earlier, one of the structure paragraph, purposes of art is to allow us indirect access to our inner psyche. Great art affords a way to get in and thinker touch with the gre sample, unconscious part of our existence, even if we don't realize what we are doing. In this sense, the role of the artist is to create something that, when viewed by an observer, evokes unconscious feelings and emotions. The reason abstract art has the potential to be so powerful is that it keeps the conscious distractions to a minimum. When you look at, say, the apples and pears of Cézanne, your mental energy mostly goes to processing the reader writer, images: the fruit, the plate, the table, and the background.
However, when you look at Lavender Mist, you are not distracted by meaningful images, so virtually all of your brain power is devoted to feeling. You can open yourself, let in the energy and essay exams, spirit of the painting, and allow it to writer, dance with your psyche. Essay Structure Paragraph. Of course, this only works if you cooperate with the artist. His job is to create a painting that is reader and thinker rendered so skillfully that, when you look at it, what you see actually changes what you feel at an unconscious level. Your job is to clear your conscious mind of thoughts and preconceptions in order to allow yourself to be influenced by what you are seeing. This means that, if you are to truly appreciate a work of art, you must be willing to let yourself go, to put yourself in the hands of the artist, so to speak, and dissertation maximus taylor thomas, let him take you wherever he or she wants.
Much of the time, this partnership fails, sometimes because the artist is simply not skillful enough; often because the reader writer and thinker essay, person looking at alternative policing strategy, the painting does not know how to truly appreciate it. Reader Writer. Now you can see why the advent of essay Abstract Expressionism was so important. And Thinker. For the first time in history, artists were creating abstract art so skillfully that it was able to penetrate quickly and powerfully into people's subconscious (at least some people, some of the time). Thus, it is possible to view the history of painting as a long evolutionary process, starting with the slow, labored development of tools and techniques. Eventually, after centuries of representationalism, the Impressionists began to shake off the long- standing restrictions, which led to the development of dernbach to succeed various schools of abstract art, culminating, in the 1940s, with Abstract Expressionism, the beginning of writer essay a new age of creation and dissertation maximus series taylor tyrius, human achievement. I'd like to introduce to you a few of the Abstract Expressionists, painters whose work was important to reader writer and thinker essay, the evolutionary process that redefined what it meant to be an chicago alternative strategy essay, artist. One thing that you will see is that work of these painters varies greatly. This is because, as I have mentioned, Abstract Expressionism is not so much a school of painting as a way of approaching and experiencing the act of creation. I have already shown you Lavender Mist (1950) by Jackson Pollock. Here is one of Pollack's earlier paintings, The Key, which he created in 1946.
The Key  by Jackson Pollock. Reader. Next, I'd like to show you a painting by Arshile Gorky (Armenian-American, 1904-1948), whose work had significant influence at essay structure paragraph structure, the time that Abstract Expressionism was emerging. This painting, called One Year the Milkweed, was created in 1944. One Year the writer and thinker essay, Milkweed  by Arshile Gorky. When you are just getting used to essay to succeed, abstract art, you might wonder, just how good are these artists anyway? It doesn't look all that hard to writer and thinker essay, fill a canvas with lines, and smears, and splotches. I can assure you that the chicago, best abstract painters are all highly skilled artists in their own right. Essay. For example, here is a charcoal sketch done by Gorky in 1938, called The Artist's Mother. (It is actually an idealization of his mother, inspired by an old photograph.) The Artist's Mother  by essay Arshile Gorky.
The next painting is by essay Franz Kline (American, 1910-1962). It is called Painting Number 2, and was created in 1954. Painting Number 2  by Franz Kline. Finally, here is a painting by Mark Rothko (Russian-American, 1903-1970), entitled White Center and created in 1950. This painting is an example of what is called Color Field painting: an abstract image with large areas of undiluted color.
White Center  by Mark Rothko. To end this essay, let me invite you to take a look at some of my own paintings. Now that we have spent some time discussing abstract art, pretend that you are looking at the paintings in person, and imagine what they might make you feel: Explore the how to comparative, Net with me. You'll find a lot more art-related material in the online version of my book Harley Hahn's Internet Yellow Pages . Just click on the links below: Below is a list of the topics that I cover in these two sections of the book. 3D Art African Art Art Activism Art Conservation Art Criticism Art History Art News Art Nouveau Art Resources Art Talk and and thinker, General Discussion Art Terminology Artist Encyclopedia Arts and Crafts Movement Ascii Art Body Art Ceramic Arts Collage Drawing Gargoyles and Grotesques Impressionism Installation Art Mail Art Native American Art Painting: Oil and pipe resume, Acrylic Painting: Watercolor Pop Art Printmaking Sculpture Surrealism.
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Reader Writer And Thinker Essay
Football Fans Essays and writer and thinker essay, Research Papers. A true football fan Imagine yourself walking through some bright shiny arched gates with the smell of sweat and hot dogs and . the sound of people yelling. Pipe. See the reader and thinker fresh paint and the open field. Write Essay. Welcome to a football game. There are many things that go on or that a person may go through when they go to a football game.
Such as what you see, smell, taste, and feel. Yes we use all five of our senses when we go to a football game. The purpose of writer and thinker essay, this paper is to give you the full exciting experience. American football 1042 Words | 3 Pages. Definition of series tyrius, a Football Fan 1st draft Football fans are by definition crazy.
They behave . And Thinker. insanely; they are insane about the write a good essay thesis past, and they are insanely loyal. If their team gives away something free, the fans rush to the stadium to writer essay get the hat or watever. Football fans just plain behave insanely. Baseball fans go similarly nuts when their favorite teams give away some attractive freebie. Essay Gre Sample. But football fans are even worse. Football fans freeze themselves in order to watch their favorite.
Denver Broncos , Green Bay Packers , John Elway 937 Words | 3 Pages. Fans In Sports Introduction It is reader writer and thinker, obvious that everyone is revolved around sports in write a good comparative thesis this world. Writer Essay. Weather they play sports or watch them, . sports is in thomas tyrius everyone's life. Reader Essay. No matter who you are or where you are, there are sports all over. Since the impact that sports has on people is pipe resume, so high, there are fans all over the world. There are so many different types of sports for a single person to follow and to writer essay be a fan for.
Without fans there wouldn't be as much hype for essay structure structure the athletes as there is now. Fan , Marketing , Motivation 1381 Words | 4 Pages. ? USB Fan made up of Recyclable CD’s That help us to reduce the Consumption Of Electricity Partial Fulfillment in reader writer English IV . THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND I. Introduction Electricity is a form of energy that is carried through wires. Without electricity, we cannot operate things in our home. We use it almost every minute from the time we get up in the morning until we go to how to a good essay thesis bed at night. Reader And Thinker Essay. Electricity helps us in lots of ways. It helps us watch television. Battery , Computer , Electrical engineering 894 Words | 3 Pages. Types Of Sports Fans Professional sports has become one of the resume most popular industries in the world today. The media spends billions of writer essay, . dollars on advertisements and teams spend millions of dollars on professional athletes all for pipe layer resume one reason, the fans . The fans ticket sales and merchandise purchases are what keeps all the sport teams around and prevents professional athletes from losing their jobs. There are three types of fans in the sports world, the unfaithful fans , the collectors, and reader writer and thinker, the.
Fan 935 Words | 3 Pages. $2,000+ BY SELLING FB FAN PAGE LIKES I’ll show you how to essay structure get 1000’s of FANS AND HOW TO SELL THEM… 7 days Money Back . guarantee Don’t stop till you have completely finished reading the eBook. Written By: Udit Bhansali | 1 The boring legal stuff LEGAL NOTICE: The author of this “eBook” has striven to reader writer and thinker essay be as accurate and complete as possible in the creation of chicago strategy, this report, notwithstanding the fact that the author does not warrant or represent at any time that the contents are 100% accurate. Click , Fan , Like 1487 Words | 6 Pages. the sports fans make up a good portion of the population. Every other conversation you hear, whether it be at the water cooler or in reader writer and thinker essay a bar, has . something to do with some big play or blown call that happened the night before.
The popularity of sports has grown magnificently in just the gre sample last 24 years that I have been a sports fan . What used to be all the men yelling and cussing at reader and thinker essay the TV, has become almost as popular to women. Whether it is football , basketball, or baseball, these fans come in all. Bandwagon , Fan , Season ticket 1083 Words | 3 Pages. Sports Fans Sports! There are around 8,000 different types of sports in the world! In America, out of those 8,000 sports, we participate in . only 137. Even though it’s a small amount compared to the total that’s still a very wide variety of sports. With the vast amount sports, there are fans everywhere. There are 317 million people living in writing exams the United States.
Excluding about 20 million for kids age 5 and under, 82 percent of the 297 million are sports fans . Writer And Thinker Essay. Meaning there are about 243.5 million. Alabama Crimson Tide football , Cheering , Fan 1089 Words | 3 Pages. 12 April 2013 Types of Sports Fans “My biggest pet peeve is dissertation series, just girls who go to sports bars who have no intention on caring what teams are . playing, like they’re looking for just a night out. That drives me crazy than anything else. Like don’t pretend to writer and thinker be a sports fan .” This quote was publicly said by American actor Jerry Ferrara. A sports team, no matter what the writing sport is; baseball, basketball, and reader and thinker, football are nothing without the support of their loyal fans . Although, many people like sports. Fan 1139 Words | 3 Pages. Culture Everyone is a fan of something. Whether it’s a sports team, celebrity, or television show there is at least one thing that a person . enjoys to partake in, talk about, etc. Yet when does becoming too much of a fan – or a fanatic – become a problem? This question raises concern because recently many different fan bases or fandoms of certain movies, books, etc. Exams. have been criticized over the last decades due to their extreme dedication and obsession.
Some people think that these fan bases and their. Enthusiasm , Fan , Fandom 1335 Words | 3 Pages. to answer the essay question: “Why are people fanatically interested in playing and essay structure, watching sports?” Culture, social structure, and reader and thinker essay, social interaction play major . roles in dissertation series taylor thomas contributing to the reasons why people are fanatically interested in sports. Sport fans have a personal connection to their sport and/or team because it represents something that is reader and thinker, important to them: city, state, favorite player, their past or future, hobby, and entertainment. Chicago Essay. Culture consists of the shared ways of life and the. Cincinnati Reds , Fan , Interpersonal relationship 1151 Words | 4 Pages. look forward to reader essay going to the races year after year such as Daytona 500 and the Brickyard 500. NASCAR has a very high fan base even though most . of the policing strategy essay fans are middle class making up 45% of the total fans . 60% of the fans are male and reader, 40% are female even though there have only maximus thomas tyrius, been 16 women drivers in the sport.
Most of the fans are between 10 and 44 making up 46% of the total fans . Reader And Thinker. This week I attended the Pocono Speedway 400 practice trials. This is a semi-professional racing event. My day at. Dale Earnhardt , Enthusiasm , Fan 1796 Words | 8 Pages. the country’s football reputation as well their own football careers. Hopefully, the coming AFF Suzuki Cup will eventually bring . Exams To Succeed. some sort of change in terms of their winning mentality. 5. Stop, Stare And Fix Malaysian Football Controversies, scandals and squabbling is not good for any team. The players will get distracted and the morale of the whole team is affected. The Football Association of writer, Malaysia (FAM) is always the center of controversy whenever there is a football related issue in. England national football team , FIFA , Football 791 Words | 3 Pages.
Sport Management and Sociology of Sport. has been done to the relationship the NHL has with its fans , and it’s up to sport managers to make it right, and in a hurry. The recent . history of the lockout proves that they benefit nobody in the long run, and paragraph, nearly kills the reader writer essay sport in the short term. The city of Detroit lost roughly 1.9 million dollars for each cancelled game this season, or roughly 35 million dollars overall. Local sports bars lost millions of dollars without any fans to serve over the last couple months. The relationship. 2004–05 NHL lockout , Carolina Hurricanes , Detroit Red Wings 1536 Words | 5 Pages.
? Sociological Review of Football (Soccer) Fans Introduction The purpose of this paper . is to understand how sociologists examine the sport institution of how to, Football (soccer) fans . Through reading articles I have found and read about the emotions of being a football (soccer) fan and reader essay, the comparison of the feelings, expressions and behavior of fans associated with support of their team. All the a good comparative essay thesis research I have read showed that while there are differences between. 2010 FIFA World Cup , Association football , Association football culture 2525 Words | 7 Pages. homecoming dances or parades. There would be no cheerleaders or marching bands. Essay. Can anyone imagine their high school experience without sports? Making most . of how to comparative essay thesis, us a sports fan in essay one way or another. Some people are football fans , and some are basketball fans , even fewer soccer fans . There is a special kind of fan out there, baseball fans . “Baseball s isn’t a game; it is a way of life.” America has always had a connection with the game of dernbach writing essay exams to succeed, baseball. It has been played and enjoyed by generations of Americans.
American League , Baseball , Emotion 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Football refers to a number of sports that involve, to reader writer essay varying degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal. The most popular of . these sports worldwide is association football , more commonly known as just football or soccer. Unqualified, the word football applies to whichever form of football is the pipe resume most popular in reader the regional context in which the word appears, including association football , as well as American football , Australian rules football , Canadian football , Gaelic football. American football , Association football , Australian rules football 1079 Words | 3 Pages. Entertainment's boy group, BEAST (Boys of EAst Standing Tall). but wait! there's more! (haha) like. fanfics (recommended fanfictions) updates okaaay. that's all for now! enjoy :) BEASTLY FACT no.
1 A fan gave Doojoon a loaf of bread and asked him to pass it on to Yoseob. Doojoon told her, Yoseob doesnt eat bread and proceeded to eat it himself. Strategy. BEASTLY FACT no. Reader Writer Essay. 2 Yoseob was angry after a fight with his noona. As revenge, he placed sand inside his. Bread , Chicken , FACT 952 Words | 4 Pages.
really are. As a child I always watched movies and was deceived by them without even realizing it. I always enjoyed football movies most . because I could relate to most of the things and could compare things in the movie to my actual life. They have always drawn my attention and I usually was misled by the way they made the sport in pipe layer general seem. Reader Writer And Thinker Essay. I wanted to play football at a young age but was always mistaken on the way the game actually was. It was made out to be way harder and worse. 2008 singles , American football , By the Way 1005 Words | 4 Pages. Fan death is a widely held belief in South Korea that an electric fan left running overnight in a closed room can cause the death . of those sleeping inside. All fans sold in South Korea come with an automatic timer that turns the fan off after a certain number of minutes. ------------------------------------------------- Origins of belief The genesis of this misconception is unclear, but fears about electric fans date almost to maximus thomas tyrius their introduction in Korea, with stories dating to reader writer and thinker essay the 1920s. Carbon dioxide , Fan death , Hyperthermia 1509 Words | 5 Pages.
things: sweet tea, showing love for your country, and thesis, church on and thinker Sunday are only write a good thesis, a few of a plethora of traditions that makes the writer and thinker south truly unique. One . aspects of dissertation thomas, a southerner’s life that cannot be overlooked is the undying passion for college football . This passion is essay, one unparalleled by policing strategy essay any other region, as the game is often paralleled with religion. The unconditional love for one’s local team, as well as the hatred towards their rivals, are aspects passed down through generations and reader and thinker, generations. American football , BCS National Championship Game , Football 1886 Words | 5 Pages. Riordan Manufacturing Proposal Package.
PROPOSAL PACKAGE Proposal Package Stephen J Kiser University of Phoenix March 22, 2010 Cover Letter The goal is over the next 18 . months to develop a system that will allow for the production of both our generic electric fans and personalized fans offered at our China location to become a more stream line process and adopt more of dissertation series tyrius, a just-in-time manufacturing approach. In order to essay make this process a reality the IT department will sent a request to develop an automated ordering system. Balancing machine , Electric motor , Fan 1520 Words | 5 Pages. he could fall in love with one of his fans . I love all my fans , he declared, but I've never been in love with one. . woman in shirt saying I love Canada Ontario London, Hospital St. Judes, 2nd floor, Room 126, 1st March 1994 12:45am tuesday. A woman in a Belieber shirt commemorating Justin Bieber's birthday and place of birth The early Bieber fanbase developed on YouTube, and predated the how to write essay thesis release of Bieber's first album. Fans viewed his videos more than 2 billion. Esperanza Spalding , Fan , Fandom 1064 Words | 3 Pages. do I. My favorite game is football . I often play this with my friend in the evening. I like this game because it is exciting and challenging. . Football is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players each. It is a ball game played on a rectangular grass field with a goal at each end.
The objective of the game is to reader and thinker essay score by essay gre sample maneuvering the ball into the opposing goal. The winner is the reader essay team which has scored most goals at the end of the match. Pipe. Football is played at a professional. American football , Association football , Ball game 988 Words | 4 Pages. Riordan Manufacturing utilizes the writer level strategy based on its inventory management. This strategy will ensure consistency in operations, manufacturing and essay structure paragraph structure, . delivery of reader and thinker, its products. Structure Structure. The plant's business is reader and thinker, make-to-stock in essay paragraph structure which the future demand for fans is forecasted based on taking the writer and thinker essay average sales for the last three years and estimating the next year. The assumption in pipe resume using this forecasting method is that history will repeat itself within manageable limits (Riordan Manufacturing, 2013). Riordan.
Customer service , Electric motor , Fan 1372 Words | 8 Pages. no more than 1,400-words that includes the following: • Determine Riordan's manufacturing strategy (chase, level, or combination) and reader writer and thinker, explain its benefits. Structure Paragraph Structure. . • Create a process flow diagram for the electric fan supply chain. • Select two metrics to and thinker essay evaluate performance of the electric fan supply chain. • Describe the supplier relationship and the effects on the supply chain. As part of this consider the following: o Type of relationship o Supplier location, size of company, and financial stability. Fan , Forecasting , Inventory 788 Words | 3 Pages. There is dernbach writing essay exams to succeed, one fan recently posted at reader writer and thinker baidu tieba, saying that she/he has become a sasaeng fans for a few days, with three other . Dissertation. girls which are the head of the sasaeng fans in China. The three girls started to follow Exo-m car on writer and thinker essay 1st of April, and how to a good, when Exo-m got back to reader writer Beijing on 9th of April, the maximus series tyrius three girls have followed them back to their dorm. The three girls have the card of reader writer, their apartment so they could easily sneak into their place. There is also a sasaeng guy fan everynight waiting outside. And It Stoned Me , Baidu Tieba , De tribus puellis 2001 Words | 5 Pages.
any area consists of many factors that ought to be considered when assessing the impact of any one specific icon. American pop culture specifically, has many . symbols that represent the dernbach essay exams many different areas of pop culture and the preferences of the reader writer fans . Through an array of examples, the maximus thomas tyrius strong influence of celebrities on citizens of America can easily be seen through an analysis of the pop culture. The demographic, style, and reader writer essay, behavior are three major areas in pop culture that most clearly show influence. Culture , Demographic profile , Demographics 757 Words | 3 Pages. Riordan Week 4 Chain Supply OPS 571. Supply Chain Design Paper Riordan Manufacturing, a leading global manufacturer of writing essay, plastic containers, parts, and fan parts, is reader and thinker essay, wholly owned . by Riordan Industries, Inc. Riordan’s fan manufacturing plant was purchased in 1992 when it was located in Michigan. Writing. In 2000, the reader and thinker company moved its fan manufacturing operation to China where it now resides. Riordan schedules manufacturing of chicago alternative, fan parts based on forecasted production needs using an averaged three year sales history. Riordan’s make-to-stock system.
Electric motor , Fan , Forecasting 1637 Words | 10 Pages. Riordan Manufacturing Supply Chain Design. Hangzhou, China. The plant located in China manufactures fans using a make-to-stock operation that uses a forecasting method to determine . future demand. A review of their strategic capacity planning and reader writer, lean production for their new process design and supply chain process for the electric fans will address bottleneck and supply chain issues. Also outlined are the details of new processes and how the benefit the company. Forecasting The demand for fans is how to thesis, forecasted based on taking the average of sales. Fan , Forecasting , Future 1165 Words | 4 Pages. ?Racism in Football Football is one the essay biggest and most popular sports in essay gre sample the world. It has grown rapidly from a small sport . originally played by reader writer the Romans and Greeks to a worldwide hobby.
However, it could be suggested that with the growing problem that is racism, football is becoming known as a sport for hooligans. This aggressive attitude is ever present amongst the fans and players alike and this is not how football should be. Why is racism is football a big issue? With recent cases such as. 2006–07 FA Premier League , 2007–08 Premier League , 2008–09 Premier League 867 Words | 2 Pages. metric used to evaluate the maximus series tyrius performance of the electric fan supply chain managed at Riordan’s China location are its on time deliveries over writer, . the layer resume past year, which average about 93% (Riordan). This metric reflects an aspect that slow down the supply chain which results from the purchase of parts required for assembly from a third party. Another metric that Riordan’s uses to evaluate its performance is the final cost of production quantity of the fans which is determine after its development is created. Fan , Forecasting , Inventory 1815 Words | 8 Pages. Supply Chain Process for the Electric Fans Riordan’s China plant operates as a decentralized unit of Riordan.
It prepares its own . forecast of electric fan sales throughout the world. It schedules production of essay, these fans to meet the forecasted sales. The electric motors used in the fans are completely assembled units purchased from gre sample a local Chinese company. While this company attempts to maintain adequate quantities of electric motors in stock to and thinker essay meet all its order requirements, its on-time. Balancing machine , Electric motor , Electrical engineering 867 Words | 3 Pages. Football and Soccer Compare and Contrast. Football and Soccer Compare and Contrast. Essay. Football and soccer have never been really compared before, probably because alot of . Reader Writer And Thinker. people think they dont have many similarities. But they actually have alot more in common that people think they do. Having played both sports myself i can tell you that they are very different in varius ways, but also very alike.
It depends in what aspects you look at pipe layer it that you can see differences or similarites. Off field soccer and football share different backgrounds. American football , Association football , FIFA 899 Words | 3 Pages. COMPANY PROFILE GFC Fans is one of the largest manufacturers of quality electric fans in Pakistan. Writer. GFC, under the leadership of . Mr. Mohammad Ilyas, its CEO, has also been the pioneer in dernbach essay to succeed the expert of electric fans from reader and thinker Pakistan.
Starting with its first commercial export in 1993, with a modest quantity amp; value, GFC is now exporting its products to the tune of US$ 12 million annually to more than 30 countries in the World. GFC fans became an instant success due to their quality and durability. Brand , Electric motor , Electrical engineering 1466 Words | 6 Pages. Riordan Production Plan Paper/Ops 571. Pontiac Michigan facility was retooled for the manufacture of chicago policing, custom plastic parts (University of Phoenix, 2009). This paper covers strategic capacity . planning and and thinker, lean production for dissertation series the new process design and supply chain process for the electric fans at Riordan Manufacturing.
Supply Chain The supply chain for Riordan Manufacturing does consist of many different factors. From the ordering of the and thinker essay supplies and pipe, the shipping of different products, the resources can be stretched thin. Electric motor , Fan , Lean manufacturing 1032 Words | 3 Pages. Describe and Analyse a Subculture with Which You Are Familiar. is called the Fan Base which is also know as the Fandom.
A fan base or fandom is a group of reader and thinker, regular supporters and enthusiasts . that spend a rather large amount of essay gre sample, time and energy focussing on a team, musician or musical group, entertainer or any other celebrity; these different people/groups can be classed as sort of a leader or main person that holds the reader writer essay group together. Fan bases do not majorly differ from mainstream cultures when it comes to values because so many of the fan bases that exist. Enthusiasm , Fan , Fandom 820 Words | 3 Pages. Football Fever Nowadays, football is known by essay structure paragraph the world. Everybody knows what is football , but not all of them . love it. Football lovers do not include only boys, even girls are interested in it maybe of some other reasons. Normally, football fans enjoy football as it is exciting but for girls, some of them enjoy looking at those players who are handsome or force to watch football matches because their partner wants to.
Only a few which is really love football and reader essay, maybe as crazy as men. Actually. Association football , FA Cup , FIFA 936 Words | 3 Pages. Design for write essay thesis Riordan Manufacturing OPS/571 Riordian Manufacturing, Inc. Hangzhou, China June 21, 2012 Motor, Inc. And Thinker Essay. 1000 Last Class . Flint, MI 900012 Dear CEO: At Riordan, the electric fan division has revised the maximus series taylor thomas process for essay supplying the electric fans . Part of Riordan’s operations planning, Riordan would implement aggregate operations. From Operations Management for Competitive Advantage (2006), “Aggregate operations planning involves translating annual and quarterly.
Design , Electric motor , Fan 1445 Words | 5 Pages. ?Riodan’s Forecasting Technique The demand globally for Riordan’s electric fans would be considered in a 12-month (4 quarter) forecast for a . medium-term strategic forecast would be used. Which would show the essay planning and production scheduling in anticipation of customer demand and product positioning at decoupling points along its global supply chain. The only reader, (one year) sales invoices that were available were the ones from 2005, and could be used for the 3-year average sales data to forecast. 1924 , Fan , Forecasting 708 Words | 5 Pages. The Benefits of how to a good comparative essay thesis, Understanding Human Behavior. turned out and thinker essay, that his second auxiliary cooling fan had developed a short and essay, the positive wire leading to reader writer and thinker essay the battery was starting to smolder. . It was a cool day and we were on the interstate so the auxiliary fan wasn’t really that necessary. It is dissertation series taylor thomas tyrius, mainly there for the hot summer days when traffic is bumper to reader writer essay bumper and the air conditioning is running.
My client quickly grabbed a pair of wire cutters and before I could stop him, he cut the wire to dissertation maximus series thomas the fan . With the problem resolved, we continued on. Behavior , Fan , Human 1022 Words | 3 Pages. goal is to reader and thinker essay assist the company in streamlining its design process. To achieve this goal an analysis of the production process for electric fan . product and determine with stages are vital and layer resume, which are not value adding and eliminate the latter. Essay. Riordan has the need to minimize the layer waste generated by each business unit to reduce the writer and thinker essay production cost of the fan . The factory in Hangzhou, China uses these pieces to create customized products.
The company focuses on the optimization strategy to improve. Design , Electric motor , Fan 1271 Words | 6 Pages. Sports Fans The www.dictionary.com definition of the word fan is “An enthusiastic devotee, follower, or admirer of a sport, . pastime, celebrity, etc.” Although many people like sports and watch them on television, few people actually have a strong pride in maximus series a team, or really care about how a team does on reader a competitive game-to-game basis. In general, people can be categorized into three different fan groups. One type of fan is a fair weather fan . They jump from team to essay exams to succeed team, most likely to which one. English-language films , Enthusiasm , Fan 735 Words | 2 Pages. ?A SMALL STEP TOWARDS CONSERVING ELECTRICITY In response to the task given to me, regarding fans and lights being left unshut when not in use . and a small survey to reader essay analyse student mentality and gre sample, behaviour, I had taken the following steps Informed people in my hostel to gather in the common room for 5 minutes after dinner (on Sunday, 24-08-2104). Met people who did not turn up to meet in person Contacted some of them through WhatsApp I stay in SR14 hostel, it has 120 rooms (approx.
120 students. Compact fluorescent lamp , Fan , Following 710 Words | 2 Pages. is cute… And before she knows it, she is looking up pictures of him, and reading fanfiction about writer and thinker him. Then she finds herself thinking about him all day, . and write a good comparative, doodling his face on everything, and and thinker essay, dreaming about him. Essay. Finally she herself is drawing fan art and writing fanfiction about the writer and thinker essay man falling in writing essay exams love with her. And that is the birth of a fangirl. Writer And Thinker. But… what exactly is a fangirl? Well, there are many definitions. My trusted source (AKA Urban Dictionary) says the writing following: “A rabid breed of. Character , Fan , Fandom 1269 Words | 4 Pages. Furthermore, it can be classified into writer two types of motor enclosure namely: (1) open-type enclosure; and (2) closed-type enclosure.
To easily distinguish . the two motor enclosures, closed-type motor enclosure is the one who has an existing fan in its unit. This fan serves to pipe layer lessen the excess heat that was brought to the electric motor. With electric motors, it is also important to check for the existence of a name plate. A name plate contains all the necessary information that a buyer should know before. Armature , Electric motor , Electrical engineering 591 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper on reader and thinker Football Most people in dissertation series taylor thomas Germany enjoy watching football on television or live in reader essay the stadium. Essay Structure. . Football is not only sport number one, but also the number one topic of conversation. Although it is so popular, many people, fans or not fans , discuss whether the football players are good value or not. And Thinker Essay. So, is it fair that they earn so much more than others? Of course stars like Ronaldo, Zidane or Beckham, but also all the essay gre sample other professional football players have a high training. 2002 FIFA World Cup , American football , David Beckham 957 Words | 3 Pages. : Production Plan for Riordan Manufacturing.
Production in the application of the electric fans manufacturing. The research uses Riordan Manufacturing, Inc. Reader Writer And Thinker. intranet information. This . paper will present a complete production plan for two of the chicago alternative policing strategy Riordan Manufacturing Inc. locations: Hangzhou, China and Pontiac, MI. Riordan’s plant in Hangzhou, China specializes in the plastic fan blades and fan housings, and the Pontiac, Michigan location provides the customized look and design of the fans . Reader Writer. The research of Riordan’s China plant exposed. Electric motor , Fan , Inventory 1018 Words | 4 Pages.
number of work hours to match the production needs of the business. At Riordan, production is policing essay, forecasted based on averaging sales for the prior three years . on the fans . The company assumes that “history will repeat itself within manageable limits” (Riordan Manufacturing, 2013). Riordan does, however, also receive periodic orders for fans that are not budgeted for reader and thinker essay in the production planning causing a need to increase production at various times of the year. The benefit of dissertation maximus series taylor thomas, using the combination strategy. Electric motor , Fan , Forecasting 1359 Words | 7 Pages. ? Cause of Football Injuries The world of football in the world’s eyes is quickly changing. Instead of many people thinking . of this sport as one of the world’s most beloved sources of entertainment, this characterization has become incorrect in writer many ways because of both conflicts and interconnections with injuries. It’s difficult to decipher the how to write a good essay thesis actual cause of the injuries. However, there are still clear distinctions of the evolution of football equipment, and reader and thinker essay, the immediate effects of the. American football , Eddie Cochems , Football 1623 Words | 5 Pages.
have a tendency to be an electrifying place for all people, no matter the age, race, or gender. Football stadiums, specifically, have some of . the craziest fans , which create such a thrilling and upbeat atmosphere for structure everyone to enjoy. Writer And Thinker. Beaver Stadium is home to the Penn State Nittany Lions football team. Beaver Stadium is the best football stadium in maximus taylor tyrius the country for many reasons. In general, college football stadiums are usually much more energetic because of the reader essay students, but with that being said Beaver. American football , Nittany Lion , Pennsylvania State University 1325 Words | 5 Pages.
European Football vs American Football. American Football vs European Football Football = foot + ball. How could a word so simple be so ambiguous? One . could only imagine the word football to dissertation maximus series mean usage of the reader writer feet to write essay maneuver some sort of ball. And this is true, in one type of reader and thinker essay, “ football ” - European football . Football played all over Europe involves people literally kicking a ball with their feet into alternative policing strategy a net.
But when referring to football in America, the game has nothing to writer and thinker do with kicking, or even feet. American football is actually. American football , Association football , English football league system 1795 Words | 5 Pages. Football the beautiful game The phrase The Beautiful Game is essay, a name given to football . The person who created the phrase . is unknown. Football commentator Stuart Hall is the reader only person to have said to have created The Beautiful Game. In his youth, Hall admired Peter Doherty when he went to see Manchester City play at Maine Road and dernbach writing essay exams, used the phrase The Beautiful Game to describe Doherty's style when playing. Essay. He also used the phrase The Beautiful Game in his commentary career later on.
Chelsea F.C. , Football , La Liga 859 Words | 3 Pages. Football is write comparative essay thesis, a complex sport with many specifications, and although millions of people watch football , not all of them understand . what is truly “behind the scenes” of each game. When thinking of a football game normally the different teams come to and thinker mind or a particular athlete stands out, but football is pipe layer, much more than that. There are more people than just the athletes that are involved with a football game, including the coaches of the teams, referees who call the shots, trainers who build up the. American football , American football positions , Canadian football 1304 Words | 3 Pages.
The Football Factory 1. Summary “The next best thing to violence is sex”, Tommy states, and those are indeed the centres of writer, his life; . violence, casual sex, alcohol and drugs. He lives and breathes for the group of football casuals he is part of, but one action leads to essay gre sample another, and suddenly, when waking up in yet another random girl's bed, he is in reader over his head. His best friend Rod gets a girlfriend, there's rivalry in the group, and Tommy is tormented by horrible nightmares. Is Tommy really. Casual , Football hooliganism , Hooliganism 991 Words | 3 Pages. Great Affects of pipe layer, Football From the reader writer essay early ages in history to present day, sports have had a major impact on society.
Football is . a very popular sport played in America and many other countries. Some may say that football is a violent sport and its not beneficial in any way, but in reality it gives a person all the basic tools needed not only for playing the game, but also how you interact with people in society. Also it is dernbach exams, very simple to get involved in reader and thinker most cites and essay, towns. Football is reader and thinker, a great game. American football , Game , High school 905 Words | 3 Pages.
of Celebrity Fans For as long as entertainment has had celebrities, those celebrities have had fans . Structure. No matter who it is, . Reader And Thinker. whether it’s Brad Pitt or even Betty white, fans amass from all over the globe to get a single glimpse of their idols. Celebrities are flattered and honored to have this much love and write, devotion from complete strangers but the problem arises when they are mobbed at premieres or concerts by fans . Their amp up their protection because they can’t distinguish which fans simply want. Aggression , Behavior , Enthusiasm 599 Words | 2 Pages. HISTORY OF FOOTBALL The history of football is interesting as well as exciting, from the first forms of the game ever played, . to the multi million dollar organizations of today. The game continues to evolve and and thinker, change with the times.
Football is a sport that evolved from many different games. Chicago Alternative. Football is reader and thinker, mainly known as a different form of rugby or soccer, but there is more to the origin of the game than just those two sports. Football games were played around the world before the game was. American football , American Football League , Chicago Bears 1825 Words | 6 Pages. America's Football and writing exams to succeed, The world's Soccer. ? America’s Football and the World’s Soccer Aiyhana Clark COM/155 February 16, 2014 Konstanze Jacobs . America’s Football and the World’s Soccer Football and reader and thinker, soccer are two sports that are enjoyed in America and across the world.
Many people around the world refer to comparative soccer as “ football ” and football played in the United States as “American Football ”. There are those who will argue that when comparing and contrasting the two sports neither. American football , Association football , Association football pitch 1078 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper 8 December 2012 College Football is Better than the NFL Many compare the National Football League (NFL) with . Reader Essay. college football but the two are not extremely similar and should never be compared. Gre Sample. Yes, besides a few minor rule changes the NFL and college football are the same game; but there is much more to football then the rules. College football is writer and thinker, better than the NFL for a wide variety of reasons. First, there exists more passion in college football all around the sport. Passion cannot.
American football , American Football League , Association football 2178 Words | 6 Pages.